02 April, 2020
9 Min Read
Indigenous Fuel Cell System
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T
On the occasion of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Foundation Day, the President of India recently introduced India’s first indigenously developed high-temperature based Fuel Cell System.
High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)
In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as a promising alternative to grid power. The development of indigenous fuel cell technology carries immense national importance in terms of energy security.
What is Hydrogen Fuel Cell?
Hydrogen Fuel Cells shows how these fuel cells work, how they came to be, and how they are coming into wider use.
The fuel contains nitrogen oxides as pollutants since hydrogen uses nitrogen as the impurity (here we are talking about the molecule of hydrogen and not the atom). The pollution can be brought down if a little water is added to the container to reduce the temperature. That would deter the reaction between oxygen and nitrogen.
Compared to a petrol tank containing the fuel, a hydrogen gas cylinder in compressed form would weigh much higher. To cool down the hydrogen gas into a liquid state, the temperature has to be brought down at 20 K. Due to these constraints, it is quite difficult to use this fuel efficiently. Hence experts around the world are conducting researchers to find ways on how to use this fuel in a simple way in the future.
Production of Hydrogen Fuel
Since pure hydrogen is not naturally available in large quantities on earth, it demands primary energy to obtain on an industrial level. Some frequent methods of production are steam methane reforming and electrolysis.
Production through Steam-methane reforming –
Production through electrolysis –
Uses of Hydrogen Fuel
Hydrogen fuel can provide power for cars, aeroplanes, boats, stationary or portable fuel cell application, which can power an electric motor. It is very difficult to store hydrogen in either cryogenic tank or high-pressure tank which is the main problem of using hydrogen fuel cell in cars.
Thus we discussed hydrogen fuel and its importance and uses for the common man. Let us hope that this fuel would soon be used in our households in an economical manner over the coming years.
Advantages of Hydrogen Fuel: (PT SHOT)
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