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Quantum Supremacy

Quantum Supremacy Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T    Recently, Google’s quantum computer, named Sycamore, claimed “quantum supremacy”, as it reportedly did the task in 200 seconds that would have apparently taken a supercomputer 10,000 years to complete. What is “quantum supremacy”? The phrase “quantum supremacy” was coined in 2012 by John Preskill. Quantum supremacy refe

Indigenous Fuel Cell System

Indigenous Fuel Cell System Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T On the occasion of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Foundation Day, the President of India recently introduced India’s first indigenously developed high-temperature based Fuel Cell System. It is developed under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries.

Convalescent plasma therapy

Context: Karnataka’s first plasma donor, whose plasma will be administered to a COVID-19 patient, hopes to inspire others to come forward and help in the fight against the pandemic. He contracted the virus in the end of March after travelling to Dubai. What is plasma and what are platelets? Plasma is the liquid portion of whole blood. It is composed largely of water and proteins, and it provides a medium for red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets to circulate through

ATULYA

Details Microwave steriliser to disintegrate novel Coronavirus developed Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune, a deemed university supported by Defence Research and Development Organisation has developed a microwave steriliser named as ‘ATULYA’ to disintegrate (COVID-19). The virus gets disintegrated by differential heating in the range of 56 to 60 Celsius temperatures. The product is cost effective solution, which can be operated in portable or fixed installation

Mobile power plants are taking to the high seas

Mobile power plants are taking to the high seas Part of: GS-III- S&T (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) As economic lockdowns complicate efforts to bring electricity to every corner of the planet, one company is putting generation units on ships that can sit offshore and plug into local grids at short notice. Karpowership is busy marketing floating power plants across the developing world, where governments are seeking extra voltage to power hospitals and other facilities to keep the lights o

National Technology Day-Technology Development Board

National Technology Day Context Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today paid tributes to all the scientists in the country who are using science and technology to bring a positive difference in the lives of others. On National Technology Day (May 11th), our nation salutes all those who are leveraging technology to bring a positive difference in the lives of others. About National Technology Day India is observing its 29th National Technology Day on May 11,2020. The day, which was

NIPER-Guwahati designs innovative 3D products to fight COVID-19

NIPER-Guwahati designs innovative 3D products to fight COVID-19 National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research - Guwahati (NIPER-G) have come out with two products of help in the fight against the  pandemic outbreak of COVID-19 .  The first product is a 3D-printed hands-free object that could be used to help open or close doors, windows, drawers (both vertical and horizontal), and refrigerator handle, or press elevator buttons, and laptop/desktop keyboards, includ

UV-C light source for Germicidal Irradiation

UV-C light source for Germicidal Irradiation Naval Dockyard (Mumbai) has manufactured a UV sanitisation bay to meet this emerging requirement. The UV bay will be utilised for decontamination of tools, clothes and other miscellaneous items, to control spread of the coronavirus. The challenging task required ingenuity to convert a large common room into a UV bay by fabrication of aluminum sheets electrical arrangements for UV-C lighting. The facility utilises UV-C light source for Germi

3-D Printing

3-D Printing Paper-GS III – S&T Three-dimensional printing (3-D printing), also known as Additive manufacturing (AM) is a process of joining materials to make objects from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer. It is basically a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. This is opposite of ‘Subtractive Manufacturing’ which works on removal of material to create a desired object. It is similar to a man who cuts a stone to cr

India’s first solar ferry sails into global contest

India’s first solar ferry sails into global contest GS- Paper-III ‘Aditya’, representing Asia in the Gustave Trouvé Awards event, is from Kerala. India’s first solar-powered ferry, Aditya, which became an icon on the Vaikom-Thavanakadavu route in Kerala, is among 12 such ferries that have been shortlisted for the Gustave Trouvé Award. It is the sole entrant from Asia. There are three award categories: one for electric boats up to

AIM-iCREST: NITI Aayog

AIM-iCREST: NITI Aayog GS-PAPER- 3 S&T (PT-MAINS) Recently, the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has launched an incubator capabilities enhancement program ‘AIM-iCREST’. Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) is a flagship initiative set up by the NITI Aayog to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country. AIM-iCREST is an Incubator Capabilities Enhancement program for a Robust Ecosystem focused on creating high

Academic research is necessary, but not sufficient

Academic research is necessary, but not sufficient By, R.B. Grover is Emeritus Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, and Member, Atomic Energy Commissioncan be done at higher education institutions and large laboratories.   Context This article is important for GS Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology. This article analyses the flaws in the S&T Policy,2013 and prescribes the way forward to translate India’s R&D into economic development. This article sugges

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