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  • 21 September, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

International Day of Peace 2022

International Day of Peace 2022

  • On September 21, people all over the world mark International Day of Peace.
  • 2022's theme is "End Racism." Create peace.


What is the International Day of Peace's main highlights?

  • The UN General Assembly has designated this day as one committed to advancing the values of peace through the observance of a 24-hour period of nonviolence and a cease-fire.
  • Background: The United Nations General Assembly established the International Day of Peace in 1981.
  • The General Assembly voted overwhelmingly in 2001 to declare the Day to be a time of nonviolence and a cease-fire.

International Peace Day's emblem:

The Peace Bell was given as a gift by the Japan-United Nations Association in 1954. On the first day of spring, at the Vernal Equinox, and on September 21st, International Day of Peace, the bell is traditionally rung twice a year.

Day of Peace and Non-Violence

  • On October 2, which is Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, people around the world mark the International Day of Nonviolence.
  • To "disseminate the message of non-violence, particularly via education and public awareness," the UNGA founded it in 2007.

What are the Different Obstacles to World Peace?

  • Racism on the rise Black Americans make 25% less money than white Americans do.
  • Black Americans are twice as likely as white Americans to be unemployed.
  • At comparable levels of income and education, black women are three to four times more likely than white women to die during pregnancy.
  • Global Unrest: According to the World Population Review, militarised attacks and battles resulted in at least 1,000 deaths (mostly civilians) in each of 8 countries in 2019, including Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, Turkey, Somalia, Iraq, Mexico, and Libya.
  • Russia-Ukraine Conflict: The conflict in Ukraine has caused a crisis in the cost of living. A total of 1.6 billion people are thought to be affected by the crisis's food, energy, and financial aspects.
  • Refugee Crisis: According to the UN Refugee Agency, at the end of 2019, there were 79.5 million refugees worldwide because of war, persecution, and other factors.
  • Global Powers' Role: As permanent members of the UN Security Council, the United States, Russia, and China are obligated to safeguard world peace and harmony. Instead, it has been discovered that they encourage instability in order to seize geopolitical control. Examples: The indiscriminate attacks by the U.S.-backed coalition of Saudi Arabia and the UAE, whose geopolitical purpose is to counterbalance Iran, are to blame for the tragedy in Yemen, which the UN has deemed the world's worst humanitarian crisis.
  • Due to the active engagement of mercenaries and weapons pushed in by Russia and the Gulf Arab monarchies that are allies of the United States in an effort to counter Turkey's influence, Libya has descended into chaos.
  • The likelihood of armed conflicts in Asia has considerably increased as a result of China's hegemonic expansionism against its neighbours and its 'new Cold War' with the United States.
  • New Power Tussle: Conflict and rivalry between major nations, such as the USA and China A second Cold War is roiling, endangering world peace.
  • Pandemic and Climate Crisis: The increase in extreme weather events around the world and the spread of pandemics like COVID-19 have raised a new concern that may have an impact on both the direct and indirect stability of the world's economies, public health, and education systems, as well as the displacement of people.

Way ahead

  • On the International Day of Peace, it is important to identify and oppose the unjust system that gives great powers preferential treatment and allows them to carry out their horrifying schemes. The struggle for a fair international order should be prioritised by intellectuals, social movements, and responsible states.

Source: Firstpost

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