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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 14 November, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA)

International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA)

At the COP27 to the UNFCCC in Sharm El-Sheikh, 30 nations and 20 organisations, led by Spain and Senegal, launched the International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA).

The IDRA

  • At the 77th UN General Assembly, Spain made the initial announcement of the IDRA.
  • The partnership will cooperate to improve each other's drought preparedness in the future.
  • The group also committed to changing the way the world responds to the increasing threats of drought by shifting from immediate action to long-term resilience building.
  • The alliance's goal is to create political momentum so that by 2030, the land will be able to withstand drought and climate change.

Challenges

Significance

  • The alliance is essential since, except for UNCCD, which primarily addresses desertification, there is no other international convention on land.
  • In order to maximise the advantages of cooperating on drought resilience, the alliance will also cooperate with other platforms, such as the initiative established by the UN Secretary-General and the World Meteorological Organization to achieve universal coverage of early warning systems.

Facts about Drought around the world:

  • Since 2000, the frequency of droughts has increased by 29%, affecting over 55 million people annually.
  • Around $124 billion in economic losses due to drought were caused globally between 1998 and 2017.
  • The droughts of 2022 in Europe, the United States, Australia, Chile, the Horn of Africa, and other countries and regions demonstrated that no place is immune to their effects.

Source: Down To Earth


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