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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 06 March, 2021

  • 5 Min Read

International North-South Transport Corridor

International North-South Transport Corridor

Context

  • India’s Foreign Minister addresses the Chabahar Day event organized at the Maritime India Summit.
  • During the address, the minister put forward the proposal with respect to INSTC (International North-South Transport Corridor):
    • Inclusion of Chabahar Port in the International North-South Transport Corridor(INSTC).
    • Expansion of the INSTC membership by including Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.

About the International North-South Transport Corridor(INSTC):

  • INSTC was first proposed in 2000 to improve connectivity between Russia, Central Asian states, and India.
  • Route: It is a 7,200-km-long multi-modal connectivity project to establish transport networks (ship, rail, and road route).
  • It will be used for moving freight between India, Russia, Iran, Europe, and Central Asia.
  • Members: It includes 13 countries namely India, Iran, Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Oman, Syria, and Ukraine.
  • Dry runs of two routes were conducted to address key bottlenecks. The two routes were:
    • The first was Mumbai to Baku via Bandar Abbas and
    • The second was Mumbai to Astrakhan via Bandar Abbas, Tehran, and Bandar Anzali.

Ashgabat Agreement:

  • Ashgabat agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, India, Pakistan, and Oman.
  • Aim: It aims to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.

Source: TH


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