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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 29 July, 2021

  • 12 Min Read

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

  • The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015.
  • The amendments include authorizing District Magistrates including Additional District Magistrates to issue adoption orders under Section 61 of the JJ Act, in order to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability.
  • The District Magistrates have been further empowered under the Act, to ensure its smooth implementation, as well as garner synergized efforts in favour of children in distress conditions.
  • As per the amended provisions of the Act, any Child Care Institutions shall be registered after considering the recommendations of the District Magistrate.
  • The DM shall independently evaluate the functioning of District Child Protection Units, Child Welfare Committees, Juvenile Justice Boards, Specialized Juvenile Police Units, Child care Institutions etc.
  • The eligibility parameters for appointment of CWC members have been redefined.
  • Criteria for disqualification of the CWC members has also been introduced to ensure that only the persons capable of rendering quality service with requisite competence and integrity are appointed to CWC.
  • Presently there are three categories (petty, serious and heinous) defined under the Act which are referred to, while considering the cases of children in conflict with law.
  • However, it was observed that some of the offences do not strictly fall under any of these categories.
  • It has been decided that offences where the maximum sentence is more than 7 years imprisonment but no minimum sentence has been prescribed or minimum sentence of less than 7 years is provided, shall be treated as serious offences within this Act.
  • The district child protection unit will function under district magistrate.
  • Before becoming a member of the CWC, background and educational qualification checks will be done.
  • Before registration of a CCI, DM will conduct its capacity and background check, and submit recommendations to state government.
  • The definition of “child in need of care” and protection of the JJ Act has been expanded to include, Child victims of trafficking and drug abuse and Children abandoned by their guardian.
  • There is a proposal to appoint a nodal office in each embassy to monitor the child adopted abroad.

Source: PIB


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