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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-III :
  • 08 July, 2020

  • 3 Min Read

Kaziranga National Park: Floods

Kaziranga National Park: Floods

According to Kaziranga National Park authorities around 80% of its area has been inundated due to floods. Location: It is located in the State of Assam and covers 42,996 Hectares (ha). It is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain over Mikir and Rengama hills.

It was declared a National Park in 1974. It has been declared a tiger reserve since 2006. It has a total tiger reserve area of 1,030 sq km with a core area of 430 sq. km.

International Status: It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. It is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

Species Found: It is the home of the world's most one-horned rhinos. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world and the second highest number of Rhinos in Assam after Kaziranga National Park.

Much of the focus of conservation efforts in Kaziranga is focused on the 'big four' species— Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo. The 2018 census yielded 2,413 rhinos and approximately 1,100 elephants.

As per the figures of tiger census conducted in 2014, Kaziranga had an estimated 103 tigers, the third highest population in India after Jim Corbett National Park (215) in Uttarakhand and Bandipur National Park (120) in Karnataka. Kaziranga is also home to 9 of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.

PT
The National Highway 37 passes through the park area.

The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.

Other national parks in Assam are:

    • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park,
    • Manas National Park,
    • Nameri National Park,
    • Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.

Source: PIB


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