27 November, 2019
Syllabus subtopic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
News: The Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed the National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019, declaring the NIDs in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Assam Institutions of National Importance.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the National Institute of Design (NID) and their significance, about Societies Registration Act, Institute of National Importance
Background: The Rajya Sabha had cleared the Bill during the previous session. Earlier, these institutes came under the Societies Registration Act and did not have the power to issue degrees or diplomas.
Suggestions given by MPs
Societies Registration Act, 1860
Indian NGOs mainly comes under three segments – Societies, Trusts, Charitable Companies.
Institute of national importance (INI)
Reasons supporting autonomy:
1) The institute can design their course and curriculum free form any governmental control. These days governments try to project their ideologies in the course offered to students.
2) These institutions can adopt the best global practises by hiring international faculty and experts without any restrictions and red tapism.
3) The course curriculum so designed can be to the best of market demands and highly job oriented in nature. Further more opportunities of R&D can be provided which can help so what to retain the brain drain from the country.
4) India does not have any institution other than IISC in top 100 ranking of global institutes in the world, such a step will further include more institutions and universities thereby attracting foreign students to its campuses.
Reasons against autonomy:
1) Lack of administrative control: lack of government participation will mean the administration through its own high hand will frame policies that could be agaisnt the weaker and backward section of the society.
2) Misappropriation of funds: Since funds will be to the mercy of administrators , these funds could be utilized for other purposes. E.g foreign tour for faculty would also include the faculty members family etc.
3) This autonomy could further lead to inequality regarding educational standards in the country creating a further huge gap in the educational standards and employment opportunities. This could also lead to more suicides in the country where students aspire for top notch institutes and they cannot bear the pressure securing seats in such institutions. E.g. Kota suicides.
Though autonomy is a brave step to notch up the educational standards in the country, certain steps need to be recalibrated to make the scheme more effective that gives the fruitful and desired results.
Source: The Hindu
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