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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 10 May, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

Mountain Passes in India

List of Important Mountain Passes India:-

Name of the Pass

Description

Nathu La Pass

It is located in the state of Sikkim. This famous pass is located in the India- China border was reopened in 2006. It forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient silk route. It is one of the trading border posts between India and China.

Shipki La Pass

It is located through Sutlej Gorge. It connects Himachal Pradesh with Tibet. It is India’s third border post for trade with China after Lipu Lekh and Nathula Pass.

Jelep La Pass

This pass passes through the Chumbi valley. It connects Sikkim with Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.

Qara Tagh Pass

It is located in the Karakoram Mountains. It was a subsidiary of the ancient silk route.

Mountain Passes in Leh & Ladakh

Khardung La

It is the highest motorable pass in the country. It connects Leh and Siachen glaciers. This pass remains closed during the winter.

Thang La / Taglang La

It is located in Ladakh. It is the second-highest motorable mountain pass in India.

Aghil Pass

It is situated to the North of Mount Godwin-Austen in the Karakoram. It connects Ladakh with Xinjiang province of China. It remains closed during the winter season from November to May.

Chang-La

It is a high mountain pass in the Greater Himalayas. It connects Ladakh with Tibet.

Lanak La

This is located in the Aksai Chin in Ladakh region. It connects Ladakh and Lhasa. The Chinese authority has built a road to join Xinjiang with Tibet.

Imis La

The pass has a difficult geographical terrain and steep slopes. This pass remains closed during the winter season. It connects Ladakh and Tibet.

Bara-La/ Bara- Lacha La

It is situated on the National Highway in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It connects Manali and Leh.

Mountain Passes in Uttarakhand

Traill’s Pass

It is located in Uttarakhand. It is situated at the end of the Pindari glacier and connects the Pindari valley to Milam valley. This pass is very steep and rugged.

Lipu Lekh: Uttarakhand-Tibet

It is located in Uttarakhand. It connects Uttarakhand with Tibet. This pass is an important border post for trade with China. The pilgrims for Manasarovar travel through this pass.

Mana Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet

It is located in the Greater Himalayas and connects Tibet with Uttarakhand. It remains under snow for six months during winter.

Mangsha Dhura Pass: Uttarakhand-Tibet

The pass which connects Uttarakhand-Tibet is known for landslides. The pilgrims for Manasarovar cross this route. It’s located in the Kuthi Valley.

Muling La: Uttarakhand-Tibet

Situated in the north of Gangotri, at an elevation of 5669 m in the Great Himalayas.This seasonal pass that connects Uttarakhand with Tibet remains snow-covered during the winter season.

Niti Pass

This pass joins Uttarakhand with Tibet. This also remains snow-covered during the winter season.

Debsa Pass: Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley

It joins Spiti Valley and Parvati Valley. It is a high mountain pass in between the Kullu and Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. It is a bypass route of Pin-Parvati Pass.

Rohtang Pass: Kullu-Lahul-Spiti

This is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It has excellent road transportation. This pass connects Kullu, Spiti, and Lahul.

Mountain Passes in Northeastern States

Bomdi-La: Arunachal Pradesh-Lhasa

The Bomdi-La pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. It is located in the east of Bhutan.

Dihang pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay

It is located in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar (Mandalay). At an elevation of more than 4000 m it provides passage.

Diphu pass: Arunachal Pradesh- Mandalay

Diphu Pass is a mountain pass around the area of the disputed tripoint borders of India, China, and Myanmar. Diphu Pass is also a strategic approach to eastern Arunachal Pradesh. It lies on the McMahon Line.

In October 1960 China and Burma demarcated their border to Diphu Pass, which is 5 miles south of the watershed of the mountain ranges. However, this caused a diplomatic row with India, which expected the tri-point to be at the watershed.The dispute has become part of the ongoing border disagreement between China and India regarding Arunachal Pradesh

Pangsan Pass

It is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.

Pangsau Pass or Pan Saung Pass, 3,727 feet (1,136 m) in altitude, lies on the crest of the Patkai Hills on the India-Burma (Myanmar) border. The pass offers one of the easiest routes into Burma from the Assam plains. It is named after the closest Burmese village, Pangsau, that lies 2 km beyond the pass to the east.

Mountain Passes in Kashmir

Banihal Pass (Jawahar Tunnel): Banihal with Qazigund

Banihal pass is a popular pass in Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in the Pir- Panjal Range. It connects Banihal with Qazigund.

Zoji La: Srinagar- Kargil & Leh

It connects Srinagar with Kargil and Leh. Beacon Force of Border Road Organization is responsible for clearing and maintaining the road, especially during the winter.

Burzail pass: Srinagar- Kishan Ganga Valley

This pass joins the Astore Valley of Kashmir with the Deosai Plains of Ladakh.

Pensi La

The Pensi La connects the Kashmir valley with Kargil. It is situated in the Greater Himalayas.

Pir-Panjal Pass

It is a traditional pass from Jammu to Srinagar. This pass was closed after the partition. It provides shortest roadway access to Kashmir valley from Jammu.

Mountain Passes in Southern India

Shencottah Gap: Madurai-Kottayam

It is located in the Western Ghats. It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.

The second largest gap in Western Ghats which is situated five kilometres from town is known by its name that is Shencottah Gap road rail lines pass through this gap which connect Shencottah with Punalur.

Bhor Ghat

Bhor Ghat or Bor Ghat or Bhore Ghaut is a mountain passage located between Palasdari and Khandala for railway and between Khopoliand Khandala on the road route in Maharashtra, India situated on the crest of the western Ghats. It is located at an elevation of four hundred and forty-one meters’ elevation above sea level.

The ghat has a bit of historical evidence. The ghat was the ancient route developed by Satavahana to connect the ports of Choul, Revdanda Panvel etc. on the Konkan coast and the surrounding areas on the Deccan plateau. Today the ghat plays a massive part of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway laid from Mumbai to Pune.

Thal Ghat

Thal Ghat (also called Thul Ghat or Kasara Ghat) is a ghat section (mountain incline or slope) in the Western Ghats near the town of Kasara in Maharashtra. The Thal Ghat is located on the busy Mumbai–Nashik route, and is one of the four major routes, rail and road routes, leading into Mumbai. The railway line, which passes through the ghat is the steepest in India with a gradient of 1 in 37

Pal Ghat

The Palakkad Gap is located in the Western Ghats between the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. India at an elevation of about 140 m. The mountain pass is located between Nilgiri Hills in the north and Anaimalai Hills towards the south and connects Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu with Palakkad

in Kerala. The mountain pass was an important instrument for human migration across India’s southern tip throughout settled history.

Interesting facts about the Passes in India

  1. The Dungri la pass or Mana Pass is the high altitude mountain pass and the highest motorable road with an elevation of 18,399 ft.
  2. Jawahar tunnel was constructed under the Banihal pass.
  3. Shipki La is a Himalayan pass which connects India and China.
  4. Zoji La pass connects the Ladakh and Kashmir valley.

Source: Web


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