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  • 05 January, 2023

  • 7 Min Read

National Green Hydrogen Mission

National Green Hydrogen Mission

  • The National Green Hydrogen Mission was approved by the Cabinet, which stated that it will make India a major producer and supplier of green hydrogen worldwide.
  • Green hydrogen is a form of hydrogen that is created by electrolysing water and utilising an electrolyser that is totally driven by renewable energy sources.

What is the National Green Hydrogen Mission?

  • The mission also aims to develop markets for green hydrogen and its derivatives for export
  • In an effort to lessen reliance on fossil fuels, the energy industry should be decarbonized. Mobility applications should also employ this technology.
  • The government intends to lower the cost of producing green hydrogen and renewable energy through implicit subsidies and government-backed R&D initiatives.

How will it be put into practise?

  • The scheme implementation guidelines for each component are to be developed by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  • By 2030, this plan will support the growth of a renewable energy capacity addition of 125 GW together with a green hydrogen production capacity of 5 million metric tonnes (MMT) per year.
  • A planned Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition Programme (SIGHT) is a significant component of this .
  • Two financial incentive programmes will be part of the SIGHT, and they will focus on domestic electrolyser production and green hydrogen generation.
  • By 2030, these strategies will be encouraged in order to decrease imports of fossil fuels and reduce yearly emissions of greenhouse gases.

What will the names of the hydrogen-powered cars be?

  • Instead of being an energy source, hydrogen is an energy carrier.
  • Before it can be utilised to power a car or truck, hydrogen fuel must be converted into electricity using a fuel cell stack.
  • Through an oxidation-reduction reaction, a fuel cell uses oxidising chemicals to transform chemical energy into electrical energy.
  • Most frequently, fuel cell-based vehicles generate electricity for the onboard electric motor by combining hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Fuel cell vehicles are regarded as electric vehicles because they run on electricity.

Objectives of the National Green Hydrogen Mission:

By 2030, the Mission will probably produce the following results:

  • Construction of a green hydrogen manufacturing facility with an annual capacity of at least 5 MMT (million metric tonnes) and an additional 125 GW of renewable energy in the nation.
  • Over Rs. 8 lakh crore has been invested overall.
  • Creating more than 6 lakh employment
  • Reduction in fossil fuel imports of more than Rs. 1 trillion cumulatively
  • Reduction of annual greenhouse gas emissions by around 50 MMT

Benefits of the National Green Hydrogen Mission:

The Mission will provide numerous advantages.

  • The development of cutting-edge technologies, the decarbonization of the industrial, transportation, and energy sectors, the reduction of reliance on imported fossil fuels and feedstock, the improvement of domestic manufacturing capabilities, and the creation of export opportunities for green hydrogen and its derivatives.
  • Help with green hydrogen demand generation, production, use, and export.


  • At the moment, green hydrogen is not commercially viable.
  • At the current price of about Rs 350–400 per kilogramme in India, it won't likely become profitable until production costs fall below Rs 100 per kilogramme.

Regarding Hydrogen:

  • Colorless, odourless, tasteless, non-toxic, and highly combustible describe hydrogen, a gaseous substance.
  • The simplest, lightest, and most prevalent member of the universe's chemical element family is hydrogen.

Green hydrogen: What is it?

  • Electrolysis using sustainable energy sources like solar, wind, or hydrogen is used to create green hydrogen.
  • The "green" factor depends on how the energy is produced in order to access the hydrogen, as burning hydrogen does not release greenhouse gases.

Source: PIB


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