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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-II :
  • 17 August, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

National Health Policy 2017

National Health Policy 2017

  • Aiming to provide healthcare in an “assured manner” to all, the NHP 2017 strives to address current and emerging challenges arising from the ever-changing socio-economic, technological and epidemiological scenarios.

Features

  • The policy advocates a progressively incremental assurance-based approach.
  • It denotes an important change towards a comprehensive primary health care package which includes care for major NCDs (non-communicable diseases), mental health, geriatric health care, palliative care and rehabilitative care services.
  • It envisages providing larger package of assured comprehensive primary health care through the ‘Health and Wellness Centres’
  • The policy proposes free drugs, free diagnostics and free emergency and essential health care services in all public hospitals in a bid to provide access and financial protection.
  • It also envisages a three-dimensional integration of AYUSH systems encompassing cross referrals, co-location and integrative practices across systems of medicines.
  • It also seeks an effective grievance redressal mechanism.
  • Health Expenditure: The policy proposes raising public health expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP by 2025.

Targets:

  • To increase life expectancy at birth from 67.5 to 70 by 2025 and reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019.
  • To reduce mortality of children under-five years of age to 23 by the year 2025.
  • To allocate a major proportion of resources to primary care and intends to ensure availability of two beds per 1,000 population distributed in a manner to enable access within golden hour (the first hour after traumatic injury, when the victim is most likely to benefit from emergency treatment).
  • To achieve the global 2020 HIV target under 90-90-90 UNAIDS Target according to which by 2020,
    • 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status.
    • 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy.
    • 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.

Source: TH


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