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  • 31 October, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

National Unity Day 2022

National Unity Day 2022

  • The Union Home Minister of India paid tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on National Unity Day in 2022, the 147th anniversary of his birth, noting that through his foresight, the latter was able to realize the dream of a powerful and united India.

Why Do We Celebrate National Unity Day?

  • Every year on October 31st, National Unity Day is observed to honor Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's birthday. Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is an alternative name for it.
  • The purpose of this day's celebration is to spread the message that society can be improved by sticking together.
  • In 2014, it was commemorated for the first time.
  • On this day, a number of activities are planned, including the nationwide marathon "Run for Unity," which raises awareness of Sardar Patel's contribution to national integrity and the National Unity Pledge, among other things.
  • In 2018, to commemorate Sardar Patel's 143rd birthday, the Indian government unveiled the "Statue of Unity" in Gujarat.

The Statue of Unity is what?

  • The tallest statue in the entire world is the Statue of Unity. It is nearly twice as tall as the Statue of Liberty in the United States (93 metres tall), standing at 182 metres, which is 23 metres taller than the Buddha statue at the Spring Temple in China.
  • It was added to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's (SCO) "Eight Wonders" in January 2020.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was he?

  • He was born in Nadiad, Gujarat, on October 31, 1875.
  • India's first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister was Sardar Patel.
  • His enormous contribution to integrating and creating a united (Ek Bharat) and independent India has earned him the title of the true unifier of that country.
  • In order to create Shresth Bharat, he urged the people of India to live in harmony by joining forces (Foremost India).
  • The Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, which aims to make India self-sufficient, still reflects this ideology.
  • Because he created the modern all-India services system, he is also regarded as the "Patron Saint of India's Civil Servants."

Role in Constitutional Framing:

  • He served as the chair of several Indian Constituent Assembly committees, including:
  • Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights.
  • Committee on Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas.
  • Provincial Constitution Committee.

Major Achievements:

  • He actively fought for the emancipation of women and the abolition of untouchability, casteism, and alcohol consumption in Gujarat and elsewhere.
  • In the Kheda Satyagraha (1918) and Bardoli Satyagraha (1928), he combined the national freedom movement with the farmer's cause.
  • Vallabhbhai Patel was given the title "Sardar" by the women of Bardoli, which is a title for "a Chief or a Leader."
  • Sardar Patel was imprisoned for three months in connection with the Salt Satyagraha of 1930.
  • The Indian National Congress's Karachi session (the 46th session), which was called to ratify the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, was presided over by Patel in March 1931.

Source: PIB

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