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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-II :
  • 09 December, 2019

  • Min Read

Odisha’s KALIA scheme to be merged with PM-KISAN

Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable section

Prelims and Mains focus: About KALIA and PM-KISAN schemes and their significance

News: The Odisha government has decided to merge its flagship scheme- Kalia with the Centre’s Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) yojana, apparently due to financial constraint.

Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) Scheme:

  • Involves payments to encourage cultivation and associated activities.
  • Primary targets are small farmers, cultivators and landless agricultural labourers.
  • All farmers will be provided Rs 10,000 per family as assistance for cultivation.
  • Each family will get Rs 5,000 separately in the kharif and rabi seasons, for five cropping seasons between 2018-19 and 2021-22.
  • Targets 10 lakh landless households, and specifically SC and ST families. They will be supported with a unit cost of Rs 12,500 for activities like goat rearing, mushroom cultivation, beekeeping, poultry farming and fishery.
  • Exception: A critical trade, dairy production, has deliberately been kept out because keeping a cow is more expensive, while milk production needs to have a collection route or agency that processes and refines this low shelf-life product.
  • It will assist the elderly, sick and differently-abled population who are unable to take up cultivation, by providing Rs 10,000 per household per year.
  • The scheme includes a life insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh and additional personal accident coverage of the same amount for 57 lakh households.
  • Crop loans up to Rs 50,000 are interest-free.
  • This is also going to be an area-specific scheme in the sense that an input support for a particular trade, say mushroom cultivation, will be provided if it is prevalent throughout that locality so that there is aggregation of produce.

About Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi:

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • Under this programme, landholding farmer families, having cultivable land up to 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year.
  • This income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each.

Source: Indian Express


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