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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 25 February, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana | PM KISAN UPSC

About PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

  • PM KISAN is an initiative by the Government of India in which all farmers will get up to ?6,000 per year as minimum income support.
  • The Scheme is in effect from 01.12.2018. The scheme was officially launched on 24th February, 2019. It was announced in 2019 Interim Budget.
  • The scheme has cost ?75,000 crore per annum. It is a new Central Sector Scheme.

History of PM KISAN Scheme

  • The scheme was first conceived and implemented by Government of Telangana as the Rythu Bandhu scheme, where a certain amount is given directly to eligible farmers. It was praised by many economists, even World Bank.
  • Many economist suggested that this type of investment support is better than farm loan waivers.
  • Hence Government of India implemented it as a Nationwide project.
  • For 2018–2019, Rs. 20,000 crore was allocated under this scheme. For the year 2019–2020, the scheme has been revised to benefit nearly 2 crores more farmers; for which the coverage of the scheme is increased to nearly 14.5 crore beneficiaries, by allocating Rs. 87,217.50 crores by the Central Government.

Objectives of PM KISAN Yojana

  • With a view to provide income support to all land holding eligible farmer families, the Government has launched PM-KISAN. The revised Scheme is expected to cover around 2 crore more farmers, increasing the coverage of PM-KISAN to around 14.5 crore beneficiaries.
  • The scheme aims to supplement the financial needs of the farmers in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income.
  • Earlier, under the scheme, financial benefit has been provided to all Small and Marginal landholder farmer families with total cultivable holding upto 2 hectares with a benefit of Rs.6000 per annum per family payable in 3 equal installments, every 4 months.

Who are Not eligible?

The following categories of beneficiaries of higher economic status shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme:

  • All Institutional Land holders.
  • Farmer families in which one or more of its members belong to following categories
    • Former and present holders of constitutional posts
    • Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils,former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
    • All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff /Class IV/Group D employees)
    • All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/-or more (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees) of above category
    • All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year
    • Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

Other Features of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojna

  • Definition of the family for the Scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
  • The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiary farmer families rests with the State / UT Governments.
  • The fund is directly transferred (DBT) to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
  • The Scheme was initially meant for Small and Marginal Farmers but later extended to all landholding farmers from 1.06.2019.
  • Farmers covered under the Exclusion Criteria of the Operational Guidelines are not eligible for the benefit of the Scheme (Given above).
  • For enrollment, the farmer is required to approach the local patwari/revenue officer / Nodal Officer (PM-Kisan) nominated by the State Government.
  • The Common Service Centres (CSCs) have also been authorized to do registration of the farmers for the Scheme upon payment of fees.
  • Farmers can also do their self-registration through the Farmers Corner in the portal.
  • Farmers can also edit their names in the PM Kisan Nidhi Samman yojana database as per their Aadhaar database/card through the Farmers Corner in the portal.
  • Farmers can also know the status of their payment through the Farmers Corner in the portal.

Critical Analysis of PM KISAN Yojana

  • The direct transfer of funds is an advantage of this scheme. On December 25, 2020, in the presence of PM Narendra Modi, Rs.18,000 crores were directly transferred to the bank accounts of 9 crore farmers
  • All the records related to farmers is registered officially on a digital platform which has made the registration and fund transfer easy. The digitalised records have brought about a new start to this welfare scheme
  • It helps in increasing the liquidity of farmers, modernization of agriculture and double farmer’s income.
  • As on 22nd February, 2022, benefits under PM Kisan scheme have been provided to about 11.78 Crore farmers and funds amounting to Rs1.82 lakh crore in various installments have been released to the eligible beneficiaries of this scheme across India. Out of which Rs. 1.29 lakh crore has been released during the current Covid 19 pandemic period.
  • Self-registration Mechanism: Process of Self-registration of beneficiaries has been made simple and easy through mobile app, PM KISAN portal and walk-ins via Common Service Centers in order to give the maximum benefit to the farmers.
  • Enhanced Recovery Mechanism: In case of ineligible beneficiary, recovery mechanism has been made very smooth and transparent which doesn’t require Demand Draft or physical cheque to be submitted by the state. The process includes auto transfer from state nodal department’s account to central government account which made this process very efficient and less time consuming.
  • Grievance Redressal& Helpdesk: In order to address the issues and problems faced by the beneficiaries, a holistic grievance redressal mechanism has been envisaged which involves setting up of a central Project Management Unit of PM KisanSammanNidhiYojana at the Centre which performs the overall coordination between all the stakeholders to streamline the processes. A centralized helpdesk has also been introduced in order to support the beneficiaries regarding any issues faced during the registration process or for any other query. Through this initiative about 11.34 lakh grievances have been received from farmers and more than 10.92 lakh grievances have been redressed by the concerned state authorities.
  • Physical Verification Module: In order to maintain the authenticity and validity of the scheme, a mandatory physical verification of 5% beneficiary every year is being done as per the provisions laid down in the scheme. With the help of Physical Verification Module, now the selection of beneficiary for physical verification has been totally automated and no manual intervention is required. A separate module has been introduced for the validation of 10% of the beneficiaries after the payment for last trimester on 14th May 2021.
  • Income Tax verification: The beneficiary database in this scheme is being regularly validated with income tax payee database in order to have an audited and authenticated user base.
  • Demographic Aadhar authentication: To make this whole process more transparent and authenticated, Aadhar validation has been made compulsory. As of now 11.20 Crores beneficiaries data is Aadhar seeded in the scheme.

Source: TH


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