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  • 12 October, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Public-Private Partnership Model

Public-Private Partnership Model

  • 16 railway stations will soon be put up for bid under the public-private partnership (PPP) model, according to the Railway Ministry.
  • These train stations will be updated to provide better accessibility and fundamental amenities for travellers.
  • This is in addition to the 1253 railway stations that the Adarsh Station Scheme has designated for development.

About public-private partnership

  • It's a partnership between the public and private sectors for the delivery of public goods and/or services. Large-scale government projects like highways, bridges, or hospitals can be accomplished with private finance due to public-private partnerships.
  • In this kind of relationship, the private sector organisation makes investments for a predetermined amount of time.
  • PPP does not constitute privatisation because it entails the government's complete retention of responsibility for delivering the services.
  • The division of risk between the public institution and the private sector is clearly defined.
  • The private company is selected using an open, competitive bidding process and is compensated based on performance.
  • In developing nations when governments are constrained in their ability to borrow money for significant projects, the PPP approach may be an alternative.
  • It may also provide the necessary knowledge for large-scale project planning or execution.


  • The PPP model may present chances for investment, operational effectiveness, and cutting-edge, environmentally friendly technologies.
  • PPP railway projects that allow for shared use of the rail network may result in productivity improvements and a higher revenue base (or a lower cost base) for governments and private investors.
  • Additionally, it might result in increased competitiveness and upgrading of the rail network.


  • PPP initiatives have run into problems such as disagreements over preexisting contracts, a lack of money, and legal barriers to property acquisition.
  • In actuality, the Indian government has a terrible track record of regulating PPPs due to the lengthy land acquisition process.
  • It is thought that a sizable portion of the non-performing asset portfolio of public sector banks in India consists of loans for infrastructure projects.
  • PPP initiatives have become crony capitalism conduits in numerous industries.
  • "Politically connected firms" that have leveraged their political ties to gain contracts are in charge of many PPP projects in the infrastructure sector.
  • PPP companies take advantage of any chance to renegotiate contracts by blaming factors like decreased revenue or rising costs, which has become the norm in India.

Various Private Partnership (PPP) Models:

BOT: Build-Operate-Transfer

  • It follows a standard PPP paradigm where the private partner is in charge of designing, constructing, operating (during the agreed upon period), and handing back the facility to the public sector.
  • The project's private sector partner is required to provide the funding as well as assume construction and maintenance duties.
  • The public sector will permit business partners to charge users for services. A key illustration of the BOT paradigm is the national highway projects that NHAI contracted out under the PPP form.

Build-Own-Operate (BOO):

  • In this concept, the private party will be the owner of the newly constructed facility.
  • The public sector partner consents to 'buy' the products of the project on mutually agreed-upon terms and conditions.

Build, Own, Operate, Transfer (BOOT):

  • In this variation of BOT, the project is transferred to the government or to the private operator after the agreed-upon amount of time.
  • The BOOT model is employed in the building of ports and motorways.

Build-Operate-Lease-Transfer (BOLT):

  • With this strategy, the government grants a private entity a concession to construct a facility (and possibly to design it as well), own the facility, lease it to the public sector, and then transfer ownership of the facility to the government at the conclusion of the lease period.

Design-Build-Operate-Transfer (DBFO):

  • In this approach, the private party is solely responsible for the project's conception, development, financing, and management throughout the concession period.

Lease-Develop-Operate (LDO):

  • In this sort of investment model, the government or a public sector organisation retains ownership of the newly constructed infrastructure facility and gets payments under the terms of a lease agreement with the private promoter.

About Adarsh Station Scheme:

  • The Ministry of Railways' Adarsh station project intends to transform India's suburban stations into Adarsh stations. It first appeared in 2009.
  • The selection of railroad stations for this programme is made based on the amenities' determined need for improvement.

Important characteristics:

  • Modern amenities like an improvement to the station building's appearance will be made to Adarsh stations.
  • properly enhancing traffic flow
  • enhancing the platform's surface
  • Enhancing current waiting areas and restrooms
  • bathroom facilities
  • provision of pedestrian overpasses
  • offering elevators, escalators, etc.
  • The Indian Railways and the Indian Government will keep an eye on the upgrading process.

Way Forward

  • Large-scale transportation projects in particular are important for enhancing mobility and for the numerous changes in land use patterns. PPPs have the ability to expedite and improve the delivery of infrastructure projects. PPP contracts currently place more emphasis on financial advantages.
  • Before implementing this strategy, a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness and potential advantages of increased private sector involvement in rail projects is required.

Read Also: World Economic Outlook-IMF

Source: The economic Times

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