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  • 10 August, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

START Treaty Upsc

New START Treaty

Recently, due to western sanctions, Russia halted inspections under the new START treaty.

About New START Treaty

  • The New START treaty, signed in 2010 by President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, limits each country to no more than 1,550 deployed nuclear warheads and 700 deployed missiles and bombers and envisages sweeping on-site inspections to verify compliance.
  • It is a treaty on steps to further limit and reduce strategic offensive weapons.
  • By putting verifiable restrictions on all Russian deployed intercontinental nuclear missiles, it improves U.S. national security.
  • The treaty will be extended by the Russian Federation and the United States through February 4, 2026.

Strategic Offensive Limits

  • On February 5, 2011, the New START Treaty came into effect. The central restrictions on strategic offensive armaments set forth in the treaty must be met by the United States and the Russian Federation within seven years (by February 5, 2018), and they are then required to uphold those limits for the duration that the pact is in effect.
  • Force Organization: Subject to general constraints, each Party is free to choose how its troops will be organized.
  • The New START Treaty offers the US the freedom to position and maintains its strategic nuclear forces in a manner that best advances its interests in national security.
  • It prohibits the deployment of any intercontinental-range nuclear weapon by Russia, including any nuclear warhead carried by an intercontinental ballistic missile with a flight time of fewer than 30 minutes.

Verification and transparency:

The central limits on strategic offensive weapons (described above) and all other treaty obligations are implemented and verified in accordance with the processes set forth in the treaty.

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Source: Hindustan Times

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