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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 14 March, 2021

  • 4 Min Read

Sharks Conservation in India

As per a recent study, the global population of sharks and rays reduced by over 70% in the past 5 decades.

About Sharks:

  • Sharks come under a subclass of fish species called elasmobranchii.
  • The species in this subclass have skeletons made from cartilage and not bones.
  • They use gills to filter oxygen from the water.
  • Sharks inhabit 3 major marine habitats such as continental shelves, deep-sea and open ocean.
  • Sharks have been around for more than 400 million years—long before the dinosaurs- The Silurian era.
  • India is the second-largest shark fishing nation in the world.

Conservation Measures in India:

  • Whale Sharks were the first-ever species to be included in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972.
  • After this, the Ganges shark and spear tooth shark were also added to Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act.

Whale Shark Conservation Programme:

  • Sharks were caught then used for the liver that was used for commercial trade & thus their population reduced.
  • Whale Shark Conservation Programme launched by Wildlife Trust of India in Gujarat in 2004 to convey the consequences of hunting whale sharks.
  • Smooth Hammerhead is categorised as Vulnerable and Scalloped Hammerhead as Critically Endangered under the IUCN Red List.

Source: IE


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