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  • 25 April, 2023

  • 3 Min Read

State of World Population Report, 2023

State of World Population Report, 2023

  • The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) just unveiled its State of World Population Report, 2023.

India Passes China As The Most Populous Nation

  • By the middle of 2023, India's population is anticipated to reach 142.86 crores, putting it slightly ahead of China's 142.57 crores.
  • According to the UNFPA's State of the World Population Report 2023, 68% of India's population is employed and is within the 15–64 age range.

The population is made up of the following:

  • 25 percent of people in the population are aged 0 to 14 years.
  • 18% of the population is between the ages of 10 and 19.
  • The population between the ages of 10 and 24 makes up 26%.
  • 7% of the population over 65 years old
  • According to the UN's World Population Prospects 2022 study, India's population will reach 166.8 crores by 2050, while China's population would fall to 131.7 crores.
  • The population of China was 114.4 crores in 1950, compared to 86.1 crores in India.
  • According to UN estimates, India's population will increase over the course of the next 30 years before beginning to fall.
  • While the population of the world reached 8 billion in November 2022, the UNFPA report stated that the rate of growth is the slowest since 1950 and will be less than 1% in 2020.

The State of the World's Population Report

  • An UN report focuses on bodily autonomy for the first time, which is the ability and agency to make decisions about your body without being threatened with violence or having them made for you by another person.
  • Beyond the terrible injury to individual women and girls, a severe lack of bodily autonomy has far-reaching effects that could lower economic productivity, undermine skills, and increase costs for the legal and healthcare systems.
  • The study assesses women's autonomy in making decisions about their bodies as well as the degree to which national laws promote or obstruct this freedom.
  • The SoWP (State of world population ) report 2021 is the first to explore physical autonomy in-depth and to present major findings from an international poll.

Key Findings from the SoWP Report 2021

  • Despite the fact that many nations have constitutional protections for gender equality, women generally only have 75% of the same legal rights as men worldwide.
  • Only about half of adolescent girls and women can make their own decisions that support bodily autonomy and integrity, as measured by these two indicators, according to data collected so far from 57 countries.
  • In all three areas of physical autonomy—healthcare, contraception, and the choice to engage in or refrain from sexual activity—only 55% of girls and women can make their own decisions.
  • Only 71% of nations guarantee universal access to maternity care.
  • Only about 80% of nations have legislation promoting sexual health and wellbeing.

Source: The Hindu

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