UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 30 September, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

Stress in workplaces: WHO & ILO Report

Stress in workplaces: WHO & ILO Report

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) recently released guidelines to address mental health issues in the global workforce.


What exactly is work-related stress?

  • Long hours, a heavy workload, job insecurity, and conflicts with coworkers or bosses are just a few of the many causes of work-related stress.
  • Symptoms include decreased work performance, depression, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping.

WHO and ILO Major Highlights

Economic and workforce losses

  • According to the WHO, depression and anxiety account for 12 billion lost workdays each year, costing the global economy close to $1 trillion.

Countries that have National Programmes

  • Only 5% of the working-age population had mental illness, and only 35% of countries had national programmes in place to promote work-related mental health.

Anxiety and despair are on the rise.

  • COVID-19 increased anxiety and despair by 25%, demonstrating how poorly governments anticipated its effects on mental health.
  • The pandemic highlighted a global shortage of mental health resources.
  • In 2020, governments worldwide allocated only 2% of their health budgets to mental health, with lower-middle-income countries allocating less than 1%.


Productivity decline

  • Individual well-being is sufficient reason to act, but poor mental health can also have an impact on performance and productivity.

Socioeconomic issues

  • An unhealthy work culture exacerbates broader socioeconomic issues such as inequality and discrimination, both of which have an impact on mental health.


  • Bullying or psychological assault, also known as mobbing, is a common form of workplace harassment.

Other significant challenges include:

  • Pay is low.
  • Workload overload
  • There are few opportunities for advancement or growth.
  • Work that is not interesting or challenging
  • Inadequate social support
  • Inadequate control over job-related decisions
  • Competing demands or ambiguous performance expectations

Advantages of Stress Prevention in the Workplace

  • Reduced symptoms of mental and physical illness
  • Fewer injuries, illnesses, and time lost
  • Reduced the use of sick leave, absences, and staff turnover; increased productivity
  • Improved job satisfaction
  • Increased employee engagement lowers employer costs Improved employee health and community well-being

Way forward

  • Manager training has been recommended by WHO to avoid stressful work environments and to assist distressed employees.
  • Investments: We must invest in reshaping the workplace to eliminate stigma and social exclusion and to ensure that employees suffering from mental illnesses feel protected and supported.
  • Return to your workplace: The guidelines also recommended better approaches to meeting the needs of workers suffering from mental illnesses, as well as interventions to encourage their return to work.
  • Mechanisms for paid employment: It also provided paid employment opportunities for people suffering from severe mental illnesses. The guidelines emphasised the importance of safeguarding medical, humanitarian, and emergency personnel.
  • Workplace stress is a management problem: Maintain a secure working environment. Ascertain that everyone is properly trained for their position.
  • De-stigmatize work-related stress by openly admitting it to be a genuine issue.
  • Discuss issues and grievances with employees and, when possible, take appropriate action.
  • Create a stress management policy in collaboration with your employees.
  • Encourage an environment in which employees have more say over their duties, advancement opportunities, and safety. Make arrangements for a human resources manager.
  • Reduce the need for overtime by reorganising duties or hiring extra help.
  • Consider the personal lives of your employees and recognise that the demands of home will sometimes conflict with the demands of work.
  • If necessary, seek the advice of a health professional.

Source: Down To Earth

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India by CSE According to a recent report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India will experience some form of natural disaster almost every day in the first nine months of 2022. Between January 1 and September 30, 2022, India recorded 241 extreme weather events. About the evalu

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector The 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting was recently held in Mumbai. Indo-Norway collaboration in the GREEN MARITIME Sector The history of maritime trade with Norway dates back to 1600. Norway has technical expertise in the maritime sector, and India has enormous potentia

Arittapatti Village:Biodiversity Heritage Site

Arittapatti Village: Biodiversity Heritage Site In accordance with Section 37 of the Biodiversity Diversity Act, 2002, the Government of Tamil Nadu published a notification designating Arittapatti Village in Melur in the Madurai district as a biodiversity heritage site. The Biodiversity Heritage site is the first site to be nominated

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance Animal health issues in factory farming have a severe impact on food safety, the environment, and the climate, which can result in antibiotic resistance (AMR). Farming of pigs, cows, and birds in close quarters is known as factory farming or intensive food-animal farming. These are industr

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded. The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27)


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts