DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS
08 August, 2022
11 Min Read
Recently, the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Act which was passed by the Parliament, came into force.
More About the Act
The Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920 from the colonial era is replaced by the new law.
The new law permits investigators to gather specific identifiable information about prisoners and other people for the purpose of identifying them and conducting criminal investigations.
Legal authorization for data collection:
The new law gives the police the authority to gather physical and biological samples from suspects and criminal defendants alike. It empowers police to collect:
Persons in preventive detention:
The Act also seeks to apply to persons detained under any preventive detention law.
The National Crime Records Bureau's (NCRB) function is:
Power of magistrate
Significance of bills
Criticism of the bill
The Opposition raised concern that the Act's reference to "biological samples and their analysis" would provide authorities permission to conduct narcoanalysis and brain mapping.
Over delegation of power and surveillance state:
Contrary to the Constitution
Protection against abuse:
Strengthening criminal procedure:
Source: The Indian Express
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