06 January, 2020
5 Min Read
Syllabus subtopic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Prelims and Mains focus: about the recent reform in the railway service and its advantages; UPSC: structure and functions
News: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will conduct an exclusive examination for recruitment of officers to handle specialized services in the newly created Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS) following unification of eight different Railway services. The exam is expected to be held in the next recruitment circle of 2021
What will be the recruitment procedure?
Reasons behind move
What was the practice till now?
Till now, only those chosen to become 34 DRMs each year based on their UPSC marks and date of birth had opportunity to reach higher posts, with the rest not even evaluated.
Article 315 provides there will be one UPSC and State public service commission for every state, however two or more states may agree to have joint PSC and in that case the President shall be law provides for appointment of joint PSC.
As far as possible one half of the members of every public service commission should be those members which have held office for at least 10 years under the government of India or under the government of a state.
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:
Tenure: All chairman and members are appointed for 6 years of until in case of UPSC they attain the age of 65 years and in case of joint and state commission is 62 years whichever is earlier.
Re-Appointment: No member of chairman of any public service commission will be eligible for reappointment to the same office. A member of a state commission may become chairman of that state commission or member of chairman of any commission including union public service commission. Members of UPSC may become chairman of state public service commission or of union public service commission. However, after the cease to hold the office they will not hold any office under the government of state or union government.
All members of chairman of any commission (UPSC or State PSC) can be removed only by the President.
Article 317(1) - President in case of UPSC and Joint PSC and governor in case of State PSC may suspend chairman or any other member until the president has passed the order for removal on reference being made to the Supreme Court.
Source: The Hindu
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