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  • 09 January, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

What is Mission Indradhanush ?

Mission Indradhanush was launched in 2014 under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

1. Between 2009 - 2013, only 1% coverage per year has increased. We have to make it to 5%.

2. Objectives of Mission Indradhanush: We have the aim of full coverage by 2020. Cover all those children who are either unvaccinated or are partially vaccinated against vaccine-preventable diseases.

3. New Vaccines: Inactivated Polio Vaccine, Rotavac (Diarrhoea); Measles-Rubella vaccine for 9 months to 15 years in 2017; Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: Pneumococcal Conjugate.

4. Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP):

  • UIP provide free vaccines to all children in India to protect them against 12 life threatening diseases.
  • They are TB, DPT, Polio, Hepatitis B, Pneumonia & Meningitis due to Haemophilus Influenza B, Measles, Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis and Rotavirus.

5. Intensified Mission Indradhanush:

  • IMI is launched to reach each and every child < 2 years and all pregnant women left uncovered under routine immunisation programme.
  • It is for select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to > 90% by 2018.
  • Intensified Mission Indradhanush would be closely monitored at the district, state and central level at regular intervals under a special initiative ‘Proactive Governance and Timely Implementation (PRAGATI)’.

Other Vaccines

  • 6. BCG Vaccine: Bacillus Calmette Guerin Vaccin. Given to protect from Tubercular meningitis and disseminated TB. Given till 1 year.
  • 7. OPV: Oral Polio Vaccine. Protects from Poliomyelitis. Given at birth (zero dose) and 3 doses at 6, 10 and 14 weeks. 2 drops. Amitabh Bacchan.
  • 8. Hepatitis B Vaccine: Protects from Hepatitis B vaccine. Within 24 hours. Given in combination with DP and Hib in the form of Pentavalent vaccine.
  • 9. Pentavalent Vaccine: Combined vaccine to prevent from 5 diseases DPT, Hib and Hep B. Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Haemophilis Influeza Type B infection and Hepatitis B. (Erstwhile DPT Vaccine, TT vaccine).
  • 10. Rotavirus vaccine: Protects from Rotavirus diarrhoae.
  • 11. Pneumococcal Conjugate: Protects against streptococcus Pneumoniae.
  • 12. fiPV: Fractional inactivated Poliomylitis Vaccine. Protect from Polio.
  • 13. Measles/ MR Vaccine: Measles and Rubella protection.
  • 14. Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine:

Source: AspireIAS Notes

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