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  • 15 June, 2022

  • 4 Min Read



The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) published the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2022, which evaluate the current state of armaments, disarmament, and the status of international security.

SIPRI: SIPRI is an independent international body which is specialized in research into conflict, armaments, arms control, and disarmament.

It came up in the year 1966 in Stockholm. It gives the data analysis, and recommendations, which are based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, and media.


Nuclear warheads:

  • Global Scenario:

Nine nuclear-armed states —that is United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea)—are still modernizing their nuclear arsenals and although the total number of nuclear weapons decreases slightly between January 2021 and January 2022, the number will increase probably next decade.


India had a total of 160 nuclear warheads as of January 2022 and it still appears to be increasing its nuclear arsenal.

Nuclear warheads are the explosive head of a missile that uses nuclear energy.

India’s nuclear stockpile has changed from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022


China had TOTAL 350 nuclear warheads both in January 2021 and January 2022.

MAJOR ARM IMPORTER: SIPRI find out 164 states as importers of major arms from 2016 to 2020

  • Country Wise:

The top five largest arms importers are Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia, and China, and together they accounted for 36% of total imports.

  • Region-wise:

The region which received the maximum volume of major arms supplies in 2016-20 was Asia and Oceania, accounting for 42% of the global total, followed by the Middle East, which received 33%.

Russia and USA possess the 90% of the total nuclear weapon.

MAJOR ARM SUPPLIER: The largest five suppliers in 2016-20 were the United States, Russia, France, Germany, and China and they accounted for a total of 76% of the volume of exports of major arms.

Source: PIB

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