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Achievements of Indians in S&T – S Ramanujan's Birth Anniversary

Achievements of Indians in S&T – S Ramanujan S Ramanujan (1887 - 1920) was an Indian mathematician who lived during the British Rule in India. He was born on 22 December, 1887. Ramanujan was extremely intelligent and had also built a vast knowledge in subjects besides mathematics. He was self taught and had no formal training in Mathematics. He attained distinctions among his peers in arithmetic, English, geography, and Tamil in 1897. Ramanujam made substantial contribut

Nikhil Srivastava is joint winner of maths prize

Nikhil Srivastava is joint winner of maths prize Indian mathematician Nikhil Srivastava has been named winner of the prestigious 2021 Michael and Sheila Held Prize along with two others for solving long-standing questions on the Kadison–Singer problem and on Ramanujan graphs. Srivastava from the University of California, Berkeley, Adam Marcus, from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) and Daniel Alan Spielman from Yale University will receive the 2021 Michael an

Dr. C. Subramanyan Birth Anniversary

Dr. C. Subrahmanyan Birth Anniversary The year 1910 was very significant for India and science. This was the year two great Indian stars, the astrophysicist, Dr. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, or SC, and C. Subramaniam, or CS, were born. 30th January is the 111th birth anniversary of CS. Dr. Chandrasekhar was concerned about processes of importance in the evolution of stars in the universe. Mr. Subramaniam was concerned about the problem of food security in India. He sowed the seeds o

Achievements of Indians in S&T

Achievements of Indians in S&T C.V.Raman Raman was an Indian physicist who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering. Raman led an experiment with K. S. Krishnan, on the scattering of light, when he discovered what is called the Raman effect. It gave proof of the quantum nature of light.  He won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the Raman effect”. He was the first A

Positron and Antimatter

Positron and Antimatter What is Matter? The matter is made up of atoms, which are the basic units of chemical elements such as hydrogen, helium or oxygen. Atoms are the basic units of matter and the defining structure of elements. atoms are made up of three particles: Protons, Neutrons and Electrons. What is Antimatter? Antimatter is the opposite of normal matter. More specifically, the sub-atomic particles of antimatter have properties opposite those of normal matter.

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem In order to connect and identify prospective young start-ups in India's science and technology innovation ecosystem, the YUVA Portal was recently created. Earlier, the "One Week - One Lab" campaign was introduced. Launched in Haryana's Karnal, the astronomy lab offers possibilities for persons with disabilities to flourish in a variety of skill, art, and craft disciplines. What recent changes have occurred in

Plant ‘cries’: Recalling J.C. Bose

Plant ‘cries’: Recalling J.C. Bose Researchers from Tel Aviv University in Israel claimed to have been able to hear the sounds emitted by distressed plants. Details about News When under stress, such as when they were thirsty, the researchers claimed that these plants have been producing very identifiable, high-pitched ultrasonic sounds. This was the first time that any form of noise from plants had been discovered. Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937)

Wi-Fi 7 and Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)

Recently, Qualcomm announced that fiber and fixed wireless access are central to India’s broadband expansion as it expects 10 Gbps to be the average speed by 2028. Wi-Fi is a wireless networking technology that allows electronic devices to interface with the Internet. Wi-Fi 7 – Also known as IEEE 802.11 be Extremely High Throughput (EHT). It has better reliability and enhanced privacy and security. Features – 4.8× faster than Wi-Fi 6 a

GPS Tracker

Recently, a prisoner in Jammu and Kashmir was released on bail after he was tagged with a Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking device to monitor his movements. GPS trackers are a precondition for bail in several countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Malaysia. It is the 1st time this technology has been used in India for this purpose. GPS Tracker – It is a small, portable unit that allows users to monitor and track its location. It connects

Tantalum

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Ropar has detected the presence of tantalum, a rare metal, in the Sutlej river sand in Punjab. Sutlej River is longest of the 5 tributaries of the Indus River that give the Punjab (meaning “Five Rivers”) region its name. 80% of the catchment area of River Sutlej is in China. Tantalum – A chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73 in the periodic table. It is very hard, ductile, lustro

One Nation One Registration Platform

National Medical Commission (NMC), the regulatory body for medical education and medical professionals, is all set to launch its one nation, one registration platform. It aims to eliminate duplication, red tape and allow the public to access information on any physician working in India. The platform will generate UIDs for all practicing doctors.

LCH Prachand

The indigenously developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) ‘Prachand’, successfully carried out inaugural firing recently. It was designed, developed and extensively test-flown by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL). The LCH is the only attack helicopter in the world that can land and take off at an altitude of 5,000 metres (16,400 ft), which makes it ideal to operate in the high altitude areas of the Siachen glacier. It is also capable of firing a range of air-to-ground a

Picocystis salinarum

It is a green alga that lives in saline-soda lakes. It is an extremophilic alga resorting to physiological adaptation to highly saline-alkaline/hyperosmotic conditions. It was spotted for the 1st time in India in the Sambhar Lake.

Red Planet Day

Red Planet Day is annually observed on November 28 to mark the launch of Mariner 4, the first aircraft to land on Mars in 1964. Scientists explain that Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is cold and a sandy desert. It is the 4th planet from the sun, situated between the sun and from Earth.

XPoSat – POLIX and XSPECT

India is set to launch XPoSat (X-ray Polarimeter Satellite), its dedicated polarimetry mission to study various dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions. Launch vehicle – Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Mission life – Approximately 5 years. Objective – To study of temporal, spectral, and polarization features of the bright X-Ray sources. 2 scientific payloads – POLIX and XSPECT. Orbit 

INS Mahe, INS Malvan and INS Mangrol

3 anti-submarine warfare ships for Indian Navy launched at Cochin shipyard recently. The ships will be named INS Mahe, INS Malvan and INS Mangrol. The ships are part of the ASW Shallow Water Craft (CSL) project. The Mahe Class of ships will replace the in-service Abhay class ASW.

India Internet Governance Forum (IIGF)

India Internet Governance Forum IIGF’23 held recently in New Delhi. IIGF is an initiative associated with the UN Internet Governance Forum (UN IGF). IIGF, was created in 2021, and is supported by a 14-member multi-stakeholder Committees. UN IGF is a multi-stakeholder platform bringing together representatives from various groups, considering all to be at par to discuss public policy issues related to the Internet.

‘AMRIT’ (Arsenic and Metal Removal by Indian Technolog

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - Madras has developed a technology called ‘AMRIT’ (Arsenic and Metal Removal by Indian Technology) for the removal of Arsenic and Metal ions from water. The technology uses nano-scale iron oxy-hydroxide, which selectively removes arsenic when water is passed through it. The technology can also remove other impurities from groundwater, such as Manganese, Uranium, Chromium, Mercury, Fluoride.

Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP)

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is the largest nuclear power station with a current installed capacity of 2GW in India. It is situated in Kudankulam, Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. It is a Civilian Nuclear Power Plant, built by India in joint-collaboration with Russia. It is being developed by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL).

INSUQUICK

Drug firm USV and bio-tech company Biogenomics have launched INSUQUICK, India's 1st biosimilar Insulin Aspart recently. InsuQuick is a rapid-acting insulin that helps control blood sugar levels and treats diabetes mellitus in children over 2 years old. It is a 'Make in India' product.

Gyrocopters

Uttarakhand is all set to launch India's first-ever gyrocopter safari by the year's end to redefine the concept of adventure tourism in the state. It is a type of rotorcraft, uses a rotor that is not powered to generate lift. A rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air aircraft with rotary wings, which generate lift by rotating around a vertical mast. The rotor looks similar to that of a helicopter, but it requires air flowing upwards across it t

National Geoscience Data Repository Portal

Ministry of Mines is set to launch the National Geoscience Data Repository (NGDR) Portal in a ceremony in New Delhi. NGDR is a comprehensive online platform for accessing, sharing, and analyzing geospatial information across the nation. The initiative is spearheaded by the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and Bhaskarachaya Institute of Space Applications and Geoinformatics (BISAG-N). Geological Survey of India (GSI) is a scientific agency that conducts geological surveys and stu

National Mathematics Day

National Mathematics Day was observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan every year on December 22. Ramanujan was born in Erode, Tamil Nadu was an Indian greatest mathematician given contributions to number theory, functions, infinite series and continued fractions. He was the 1st Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. He also received a prestigious award from the King of England for his services to mathemat

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