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  • 22 April, 2023

  • 3 Min Read

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem

  • In order to connect and identify prospective young start-ups in India's science and technology innovation ecosystem, the YUVA Portal was recently created.
  • Earlier, the "One Week - One Lab" campaign was introduced. Launched in Haryana's Karnal, the astronomy lab offers possibilities for persons with disabilities to flourish in a variety of skill, art, and craft disciplines.

What recent changes have occurred in the S&T innovation ecosystem in India?

  • Indian superiority in technology, innovation, and start-ups is dominating the world, as the Prime Minister recently highlighted in his speech to the 108th Indian Science Congress.
  • In terms of the most innovative economies worldwide, India is placed 40th out of 132 according to the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022.
  • Sign Language of India AstroLab: The Indian Sign Language AstroLab promotes accessibility and inclusivity by providing virtual access to instructional materials in Indian sign language. It is outfitted with 65 pieces of equipment, including a huge telescope and audiovisual aids.


  • The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) has played a role in standardising measurements of gas and airborne particles for monitoring atmospheric pollution. IST, created using an atomic time scale made up of Cesium atomic clocks and Hydrogen masers, is maintained by CSIR-NPL.
  • The CSIR Labs are experts in several fields of research, including the geology, food, fuel, minerals, and materials, and they help progress science and technology in India.

One Week - One Lab Campaign:

  • The "One Week - One Lab" programme seeks to promote students' scientific temperament as well as raise knowledge of the technologies and services provided by CSIR-NPL.
  • More schools would be included in future encounters after 180 schools in the Delhi-NCR region were exposed to NPL laboratories for various activities.
  • SHRI stands for Science and Heritage Research Initiative.
  • The sound-proofing capabilities of Pattamadai mat, a mat formed by weaving or interlacing korai grass with the cotton threads, have been investigated under the SHRI programme for use in protecting recording studios and classrooms from outside noise disturbances.
  • This could raise interest in the Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, traditional art.


  • Scientists at the IASST have created a biodegradable, biopolymer nanocomposite that can sense relative humidity and can be used as smart packaging materials, particularly for the food industry.
  • NIDHI, or the National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations
  • A five-year, end-to-end plan is in place to treble the number of incubators and start-ups.

National Start-Up Prizes:

  • Through encouraging innovation and competition, this programme recognises and rewards exceptional start-ups and ecosystem facilitators that contribute to economic dynamism.

Source: Press Information Bureau

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