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Constitutional Provisions for Reservation in Education and Jobs

Constitutional Provisions for Reservation in Education and Jobs Part XVI deals with the reservation of SC and ST in Central and State legislatures. Article 15(4) and 16(4) of the Constitution enabled the State and Central Governments to reserve seats in government services for the members of the SC and ST. The Constitution was amended by the Constitution (77th Amendment) Act, 1995 and a new clause (4A) was inserted in Article 16 to enable the government to provide reservations in promo

Reservation issues in India

Reservation issues in India The Supreme Court on Monday decided to examine whether its nearly three-decade-old judgment which fixed reservation for the marginalised and the poor in government jobs and educational institutions at 50% needs a relook. In 1992, a nine-judge Bench of the court had drawn the “Lakshman rekha” for reservation in jobs and education at 50%, except in “extraordinary circumstances”. However, over the years, several States, such as Maharasht

Constitutionality of Reservations in India

Constitutionality of Reservations in India Some of the prominent laws framed for reservation policies are listed below. Article 15(4) – 1st Amendment,1951 – Special provision for Advancement of Backward Classes. Article 15(5) – 93rd Amendment, 2006 – Provision of Reservation for Backward, SC, and ST classes in private educational institutions. Article 16(3) – Reservation of posts in public employment on the basis of residence Article 16(4) – Res

Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Act, 2019

Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Act, 2019 According to an RTI, older Indian Institutes of Management(IIMs) are lagging behind the newer IIMs in enforcing the quota rule. Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Act,2019: The act provides for the reservation of posts in appointments of Central educational institutions by direct recruitment of persons belonging to: Scheduled Castes (15%) Scheduled Tr

Supreme Court’s views on Maratha quota

Supreme Court’s views on the Maratha quota Supreme Court’s views on the Maratha quota The separate reservation given to Maharashtra’s Maratha community, the Supreme Court has underscored the importance of adhering to the 50% limit on total reservation, as well as the need to justify any excess by showing the existence of exceptional circumstances. The Court has not only found no merit in the Maratha claim to backwardness but also said the community is adequately rep

Maratha community brought under EWS Quota

Maratha community brought under EWS Quota In a bid to extend relief to the Maratha community in the State, the tripartite Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government in Maharashtra on Monday extended the benefits of reservation for the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) to the Socially and Economically Backward Class (SEBC). Previously, the government had decided that the Maratha community could not take advantage of the 10% EWS category as the Maratha reservation was in force in the State. The

OBC and EWS Reservation in Medical sector

OBC and EWS Reservation in the Medical sector Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken a historic and a landmark decision for providing 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical / dental courses (MBBS / MD / MS / Diploma / BDS / MDS) from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards. This decision would benefit every year nearly 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 250

RESERVATION IN INDIA

Context: RESERVATION IN INDIA is an important topic for UPSE GS Paper 2. The purpose of reservation in India The two main aims to provide reservation as per the Constitution of India are: Advancement of Scheduled Castes (SC) and the Scheduled Tribes (ST) or any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens (OBC) or economically weaker sections (EWS) – under Article 15 (4), Article 15 (5), and Article 15 (6), Adequate representation 

Reviewing EWS Quota

Reviewing EWS Quota The Supreme Court's Constitution Bench is investigating whether the 10% quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) breaches the Constitution's fundamental principles.   Details about the News Petition: The Supreme Court's bench will consider whether the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, which imposed the 10% EWS quota, breaches the fundamental principles of the Constitution while hearing petitions against it in government hiring and admiss

The criterion for Schedule Caste status

The criterion for Schedule Caste status Recently, the Supreme Court requested the government's opinion on petitions contesting the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order of 1950, which restricts Schedule Caste recognition to the Hindu, Sikh, and Buddhist religions. About  the Petition Many independent Commission findings that have established the presence of caste and caste inequities among Indian Christians and Indian Muslims are highlighted in the petitions calling

Supreme Court Verdict on EWS Quota

Supreme Court Verdict on EWS Quota EWS quota does not go against the basic structure: SC The 103rd amendment to the Constitution, which added a 10% reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections, was recently upheld by the Supreme Court (EWS). More information about the Supreme Court's ruling Concerning "Exclusion of the Reserved Categories from the EWS Quota": Issue: Critics contend that by excluding (Socially and Educationally Backward Classes)/OBCs

Vokkaligas, Lingayats share in Karnataka Reservation

Vokkaligas, Lingayats share in Karnataka Reservation Vokkaligas and Lingayats, the two largest communities, have recently been moved from the "backward" category to "moderately backward" by the Karnataka Cabinet in a move that could raise their share of reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC). More on News: Karnataka currently has a 32% OBC quota, 17% Scheduled Castes quota, and 7% Scheduled Tribes quota, bringing the total to 56% quota. Veerashaiva Li

Haryana Job Quota

Recently, Punjab and Haryana High Court quashed a law passed by the Haryana government in 2020 that provided 75% reservation in private jobs to residents of the State. What is the Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act about? Reservation- The Act requires private sector employers to reserve 75% of jobs that offer a monthly salary of less than Rs. 30,000 for individuals who are domiciled in Haryana. Eligibility- The Act applies to all p

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