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Modi offers $450 mn line of credit to Lanka after talks with Rajapaksa

Modi offers $450 mn lines of credit to Lanka after talks with Rajapaksa Syllabus subtopic: India and its neighbourhood- relations. News: PM Modi on Friday offered a credit line of $400 million for infrastructure projects and $50 million for counter-terror measures to Sri Lanka during a visit by its new President Gotabaya Rajapaksa.   Prelims and Mains focus: key highlights of the meeting, about Indo-Sri Lanka relations, the impact of current world geopolitics on Indo- Sri Lanka

India, Sri Lanka foreign ministers’ meet

India, and Sri Lanka foreign ministers meet Syllabus subtopic: India and its neighbourhood- relations. Prelims and Mains focus: About the recent meeting between the foreign ministers and the discussions held; about ETCA and its significance; About Mahabodhi Temple   News: India and Sri Lanka on Thursday discussed the “entire gamut of bilateral ties”, during talks between the visiting Sri Lankan Minister of Foreign Relations, Skills Development, Employment and Labour

India-Sri Lanka DTAA amended

India-Sri Lanka DTAA amended Syllabus subtopic: India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Prelims and Mains focus: about the move and its significance; about DTAA; BEPS; OECD   News: The Union Cabinet, chaired by PM Modi approved signing and ratification of the protocol amending the agreement between India and Sri Lanka for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.   Background The existing DTAA between Indi

Issue of Kachchatheevu?

Issue of Kachchatheevu? One of the major reasons complicating the issue is of Kachchatheevu Island. India ceded the uninhabited island to its southern neighbour in 1974 under a conditional accord. In fact, initially the 1974 border agreement did not affect fishing on either sides of the border. In 1976, through an exchange of letter, both India and Sri Lanka agreed to stop fishing in each other’s waters. In 2009, the Sri Lankan government declared Kachchatheevu Island as sacr

Repeal and reform

Repeal and reform Context Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, in his first address to the newly elected Parliament, has declared his intention to repeal the landmark 19th Amendment to the Constitution, and, thereafter, work towards a new constitution. 19th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka The 19th Amendment had put a two-term limit on the Presidency and curtailed the executive powers of the President and transferred it to parliament and independent commissions.

Sri Lanka to Draft a New Constitution

Sri Lanka to Draft a New Constitution Context The Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa (elected in 2019), while addressing the inaugural session of the Parliament, said that Sri Lanka will draft a new Constitution and abolish the 19th Amendment that curtailed the powers of the President and strengthened the role of Parliament. Sri Lanka’s new Cabinet includes members from the Rajapaksa family. Mahinda Rajapaksha is the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka. The Rajapaksa led Sri La

India – Sri Lanka issues

India – Sri Lanka issues The tragic death of four fishermen from Tamil Nadu — one of them a Sri Lankan Tamil refugee living in India — allegedly when the Sri Lankan Navy was about to arrest them last week, is yet another instance of the unresolved fisheries conflict in the Palk Bay taking an unacceptable toll of lives. India has lodged a strong protest with the Sri Lankan authorities, who have set up a committee to find a permanent solution to the incursions by Indian

India Sri Lanka ties: East Container Terminal at Colombo Port

India Sri Lanka ties: East Container Terminal at Colombo Port In a flurry of meetings a day after Sri Lanka backed out of an agreement with India and Japan to develop the East Container Terminal (ECT) at the Colombo Port, Indian High Commissioner Gopal Baglay met President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa and Foreign Minister Dinesh Gunawardena. In the India – Sri Lanka ties, India was of the view that Colombo must adhere to its commitments in the tripartite agr

East Container Terminal

East Container Terminal Sri Lanka has withdrawn its proposal to let India & Japan build its East Terminal Container near the capital city of Colombo. What is the Project? The tripartite agreement, signed by India, Sri Lanka and Japan, proposes to develop the ECT, which is located at the newly expanded southern part of the Colombo Port. The ECT is located 3 km away from the China-backed international financial city, known as Port City, currently being built in Colombo. A Chine

Colombo’s East Container Terminal

Colombo’s East Container Terminal Context The Sri Lankan government’s decision to overturn the tripartite agreement to develop Colombo’s East Container Terminal is a setback to India and Japan. East Container Terminal project The project, worth an estimated $500-$700 million, was a key marker for infrastructure investment in the island nation where Chinese projects are most prominent. More than two-thirds of trans-shipment at this port is tied to India,

Sri Lanka clears a Chinese energy project 50 kms from Rameshwaram

Sri Lanka clears a Chinese energy project 50 km from Rameshwaram Sri Lanka govt. has recently cleared a Chinese energy project in 3 islands near to Jaffna peninsula. Sinosoar-Etechwin Joint Venture will be executing the project. These hybrid renewable energy systems projects will be based in Nainativu, Delft and Analaitivu islands located in Palk Bay. The islands are connected to the Jaffna peninsula with a ferry service & are about 50 km away from Rames

West Container Terminal to be Constructed Jointly by India-SL-Japan

West Container Terminal to be Constructed Jointly by India-SL-Japan The Sri Lankan Cabinet has approved a proposal to develop Colombo Port’s West Container Terminal(WCT) under a joint venture with India and Japan. Note: This proposal comes after Sri Lanka pulled out of the 2019 tripartite agreement with India and Japan to develop the East Container Terminal (ECT). About the West Container Terminal(WCT) Project: Location: The West Container Terminal(WCT) is

Recent India-Srilanka Defence Exercise

Recent India-Srilanka Defence Exercise A team of 4 Sarang Advance Light Helicopters, Surya Kiran (Hawks), Tejas Fighter Aircraft and the Dornier Maritime Patrol Aircraft from India were in Sri Lanka this week, to participate Historical background: During Sri Lanka’s over three decade-civil war, India has played a crucial role, politically and at times, using its military. India launched ‘Operation Poomalai’ in 1987 — when the Indian Air F

Sri Lanka Civil War

Sri Lanka Civil War Background The majority of Sri Lankans are ethnic Sinhalese, a group of Indo-European peoples that had migrated to the island from northern India in the BC 500s (during Mauryan Empire). The Sinhalese had contacts with the Tamils who were settled in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent. A major migration of the Tamils occurred between the 7th and the 11thcenturies CE especially during Cholas (Rajaraja Chola and Rajendra Chola). Britishers are the hi

P2P rally in Sri Lanka

P2P rally in Sri Lanka Introduction After months of restricted movement due to the pandemic, it was the first instance of several thousand people taking to the streets to assert their rights. Details of the March The ‘Pothuvil to Polikandy’ rally or ‘P2P’, began in the eastern Ampara district and ended in Jaffna in the Northern Province, covering several towns en route. Prominent Tamil and Muslim politicians, activists, students, and residents took p

20th Amendment of Sri Lankan Parliament

20th Amendment of Sri Lankan Parliament Key points It envisages expansive powers and greater immunity for the Executive President. The Amendment rolls back Sri Lanka’s 19th Amendment, a 2015 legislation that sought to clip presidential powers while strengthening Parliament. The new legislation in turn reduces the Prime Minister’s role to a ceremonial one. 19th Amendment Act The reduction in the terms of the President and Parliamen

India – Sri Lanka issues

India – Sri Lanka issues The tragic death of four fishermen from Tamil Nadu — one of them a Sri Lankan Tamil refugee living in India — allegedly when the Sri Lankan Navy was about to arrest them last week, is yet another instance of the unresolved fisheries conflict in the Palk Bay taking an unacceptable toll of lives. India has lodged a strong protest with the Sri Lankan authorities, who have set up a committee to find a permanent solution to the incursions by Indian

Ranil Wickremesinghe returns to Sri Lankan Parliament

Ranil Wickremesinghe returns to Sri Lankan Parliament: Sri Lanka Civil War What is the news? Former Prime Minister of Sri Lanka Ranil Wickremesinghe returned to Parliament, 10 months after his United National Party (UNP) suffered its biggest electoral defeat in history. In the first intervention by his party in the current legislature, Mr Wickremesinghe slammed the Rajapaksa government on its economic policy that, he said, lacked a plan amid a crisis, and growing militarisation of civ

CRISES IN SRI LANKA: EXPLAINED

CRISES IN SRI LANKA: EXPLAINED Gotabaya Rajapaksa has agreed to step down as the President of the island nation, following a huge protest by the people.  His regime is facing crises has four interconnected dimensions: economic, governance, social, and legitimacy. People are living through harrowing economic collapse, with accessing essentials such as fuel, food, and medicine becoming an everyday battle. Poor Decisions By The President Rajapaksa He began his tenure a

sri lankan tamils issue

Issue of Tamilians in Sri Lanka India recently raised the Sri Lankan Tamil issue in the 51st session  United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva. It expressed concern over Sri Lanka's promise to find a political solution to the Tamil problem not showing any discernible progress. India stated that it has "always believed in the responsibility of States for promotion and protection of human rights and constructive international discussion and collaboration"

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