08 August, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-II||Delimitations of Constituencies|
|A law for those who testify|
|An intervention that leads to more question|
|National Medical Commission Bill|
|GS-III||GI tag gets Odisha’s Rasagola|
GS-II: Delimitations of Constituencies
What is Delimitation? Why is it needed?
How is delimitation carried out?
How often has delimitation been done in the past?
Why more independence to DC?
Why was there no delimitation then?
Why postponed till 2026?
History of Delimitation in J&K
GS-II: A law for those who testify
Maharashtra came out with the Maharashtra Witness and Protection and Security Act 2017. However, the Centre and most other states are yet to act on the directive.
The sooner the Centre comes up with legislation codifying the protection to be given to witnesses, the better it is for India’s criminal justice system.
GS-II: An intervention that leads to more question
Defence Minister tweeted that India’s ‘future’ commitment to a posture of No First Use of nuclear weapons ‘depends on the circumstances’.
Background of NFU
India is one of the two countries that adhere to a doctrine of No First Use (NFU) along with China.
India has maintained that it will not strike first with nuclear weapons.
But India reserves the right to retaliate to any nuclear first strike against it (or any ‘major’ use of weapons of mass destruction against Indian forces) with a nuclear strike ‘that will be massive and designed to inflict unacceptable damage’.
How it benefited us
NFU simply raises the nuclear threshold in order to bring stability to a volatile environment.
The adoption of the nuclear doctrine came soon after Operation Parakram (2001-02).
The public adoption of the doctrine an attempt by India to restate its commitment to restraint and to being a responsible nuclear power.India used this restraint to repulse the intruders in Kargil and regain occupied land. despite India and Pakistan’s nuclear tests of 1998.It gave India the space for conventional operations and gained it sympathy in foreign capitals despite the fears of nuclear miscalculation.India’s self-proclaimed restraint brought it into the nuclear mainstreamthe initial application for the waiver in 2008 from the Nuclear Suppliers Group membership of the Missile Technology Control Regime, the Wassenaar Arrangement, and the Australia Group ongoing attempts to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
Need for change in stance
GS-II: National Medical Commission Bill
The National Medical Commission Act 2019 has been passed by both Houses of Parliament is historic and path-breaking.
What is the NMC Bill?
The National Medical Commission Bill seeks to improve the medical education system in the country by ensuring availability of adequate and high-quality medical professionals, periodic assessment of medical institutions, adoption of the latest medical research by medical professionals and an effective grievance redressal mechanism.
The Bill has the following key features:
Functions of NMC:
Why doctors are so much against it?
Positive aspects of the bill:
Unlike MCI, the members of NMC will have to declare their assets at the time of assuming office and when they leave. They will also have to submit a conflict of interest declaration.
Need of the hour:
If the government wanted to improve the health services in the rural areas then it should strengthen the existing paramedics. Nurses and midwives are trained for administering injections and similar functions and the government should try to tap this trained manpower. Primary care can be taken by these paramedics and only complex medical problems should be referred to a doctor with specialised knowledge. This kind of model has worked in other countries where doctors only treat complex problems.
India has a doctor-population ratio of 1:1456 as compared with the WHO standards of 1:1000. In addition, there is a huge skew in the distribution of doctors working in the Urban and Rural areas with the urban to rural doctor density ratio being 3.8:1. Consequently, most of our rural and poor population is denied good quality care leaving them in the clutches of quacks. It is worth noting that at present 57.3% of personnel currently practicing allopathic medicine does not have a medical qualification.
GS-III: GI tag gets Odisha’s Rasagola
The Rasagola, a popular dessert of Odisha has received the geographical indication tag from the Registrar of Geographical Indication.
About Odisha’s Rasagola
Geographical Indications in India
Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.
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