14 November, 2019
14 Min Read
|GS-II||CJI under RTI Act|
|Pamba-Achankovil-Vaippar river link project|
|GS-III||Green Climate Fund (GCF)|
|Lancet report on climate change|
Syllabus subtopic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
News: The Supreme Court has held that office of the Chief Justice of India is a public authority under the transparency law, the Right to Information Act.
Prelims focus: About RTI Act 2005
Mains focus: Implications and outcomes of the verdict.
Previously, the Delhi High Court judgment which ruled that office of the Chief Justice comes under the purview of RTI.
A plea filed was filed by Supreme Court Secretary-General challenging Delhi High Court’s order.
The concept of judicial independence is not judge’s personal privilege but responsibility cast on the person, the HC had said in its ruling.
About the verdict:
What RTI act says?
Syllabus subtopic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
News: The Kerala State government is saying that it is taking all precautions to prevent the implementation of the Pamba-Achankovil-Vaippar river link project.
For Prelims focus: ILR- approved projects and their brief overview.
For Mains focus: Need for and significance of interlinking of rivers.
Kerala is not allowing Pamba-Achankovil to be connected with the Vaippar river in Tamil Nadu under the inter-linking of rivers project. Kerala asserts that there is no excess water in rivers in the state.
The river link proposal is listed among the river linking projects of the NWDA. It envisages diversion of 634 cubic millimeters of water from the Pamba and Achankovil rivers in Kerala to the Vaippar basin in Tamil Nadu.
Need for interlinking of rivers:
The interlinking project aims to link India’s rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals that will allow for their water capacities to be shared and redistributed. According to some experts, this is an engineered panacea that will reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts besides facilitating the generation of hydroelectricity for an increasingly power hungry country.
Benefits and significance of interlinking:
Syllabus subtopic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
Prelims focus: About GCF
Mains focus: India’s efforts to fight climate change
The GCF was set up in 2010 under the UNFCCC’s financial mechanism to channel funding from developed countries to developing countries to allow them to mitigate climate change and also adapt to disruptions arising from a changing climate.
How it helps?
The Green Climate Fund will support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows.
Who will govern the Fund?
The Fund is governed and supervised by a Board that will have full responsibility for funding decisions and that receives the guidance of the Conference of Parties (COP). The Fund is accountable to, and functions under the guidance of, the COP.
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
News: The Lancet has published a report titled- ‘Countdown on Health and Climate Change’.
Prelims focus: Key findings of the report.
Mains focus: Concerns and challenges and ways to address them.
Key findings of the report:
Challenges for India:
Need of the hour:
To dramatically reduce emissions by 2050, and to meet multiple Sustainable Development Goals, India must transition away from coal and towards renewable energy. It will also need to enhance public transport, increase use of cleaner fuels, and improve waste management and agricultural production practice.
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