|GS-I||Child abuse and violence - Criminal law amendment bill - NCPCR (National commission for the protection of Child Rights)||Social issues|
|GS-II||Interstate Migrant Workmen Act 1979||Governance|
|Consumer Protection act||Governance|
|Oil Crisis Past to Present||International Relations|
|SAGAR programme- Indian Ocean Rim association (IORA)||International Relations|
|GS-III||e-Commerce and recent Rules-FDI||Economic Issues|
|PT Pointer||TDB approves financial support to MyLab Discovery Solutions|
|TIFAC plans to come up with white paper|
|New Development Bank financial assistance|
|One more institute of CSIR started whole-genome sequencing of coronavirus|
Part of: GS-I- Social issue (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
336% increase in child rape cases from 2001 to 2011. Figures are underreported as the majority of child rape cases are not reported to the police. 9/10 rapes and sexual assaults are carried out by people known to the victim. Insensitivity and unhelpful attitude of the police, lawyers and untrained hospital staff makes prosecution and conviction difficult.
NOTE: 1 in 6 BOYS experience some form of sexual abuse/ 1 in 4 GIRLS experience some form of sexual abuse.
Why Child Rapes are Increasing?
What are the issues with Child Abuse in India?
Salient features of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill 2018
Demerits of the Capital Punishment/ Arguments against the provisions:
Capital punishment is a debatable subject and criminologists, sociologists and the legal fraternity are always divided on this issue.
POCSO Act Significance
However, the provisions of POCSO are not properly applied by the police and other parties. Consequently, child offenders get away despite a stringent law. There is a need for greater awareness, training and familiarization of application of the law by police.
Child Pornography: SC Stand
Aarambh Initiative – Country’s first ever hotline to curb sexual abuse of children through Internet & to remove child pornographic content online.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has set up an Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention/Investigation Unit at its headquarter in New Delhi.
Functions of the Unit
The Ministry has enacted the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act (CPCR), 2005, extending pan-India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir, under which National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is mandated to function for protection and promotion of child rights. The Commission may inquire into complaints and take suomotu notice of matters relating to-
Functions and Powers
The Commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely:
Part of: GS-III- Economy (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
Electronic commerce or e-commerce is a business model that lets firms and individuals buy and sell things over the Internet. Propelled by rising smartphone penetration, the launch of 4G networks and increasing consumer wealth, the Indian e-commerce market is expected to grow to US$ 200 billion by 2026 from US$ 38.5 billion in 2017.
India’s e-commerce revenue is expected to jump from US$ 39 billion in 2017 to US$ 120 billion in 2020, growing at an annual rate of 51%, the highest in the world. The Indian e-commerce industry has been on an upward growth trajectory and is expected to surpass the US to become the second-largest e-commerce market in the world by 2034.
Types of e-Commerce in India
Marketplace and Inventory-Based Model
Advantages of e-Commerce
Disadvantages of e-Commerce
Government Initiatives Regarding e-Commerce in India
DRAFT NATIONAL eCommerce POLICY
New Rules –FDI
The government has issued new rules regarding Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in e-commerce.
New Rules by DIPP
Why New Rules?
Impact of DIPP Norms
FDI guidelines for e-Commerce
In India 100% FDI is permitted in B2B e-commerce, however, No FDI is permitted in B2C e-commerce. 100% FDI under automatic route is permitted in the marketplace model of e-commerce, while FDI is not permitted in inventory based model of e-commerce.
e-Commerce has become an important part of many multilateral negotiations such as Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), WTO, BRICS etc. e-Commerce still faces various issues like international trade, domestic trade, competition policy, consumer protection, information technology etc. As a growing sector with huge interest from both domestic and international players, it becomes pertinent to regulate it keeping in mind the interest of both entrepreneurs and consumers. A conducive environment and a level playing field should be encouraged.
JAI HIND JAI BHARAT
The Technology Development Board (TDB) has approved financial support to MyLab Discovery Solutions, Pune, for ramping up the production of COVID-19 diagnostic kits. Mylab Discovery Solutions is the first indigenous company to develop a real-time PCR-based molecular diagnostic kit which screens and detects COVID-19 from samples. The support from TDB will ensure ramp-up in the production of the kits through automation of the facility. This aid is supposed to increase the capacity to one lakh tests per day from the current numbers of thirty thousand. The kit has been approved by ICMR and CDSCO and will be put to use in a short time, considering its urgent requirement. TDB is a statutory body under the Department of Science and Technology.
The Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), an autonomous technology think tank under the Department of Science & Technology (DST), has planned to come up with a white paper on strategising the revival of the Indian economy after COVID-19.
The key focus is reported to be on strengthening Make in India initiatives, commercialization of Indigenous technology, and developing a technology-driven transparent Public Distribution System (PDS) among others. , Navigating the way ahead with the COVID-19 virus required well-thought-out actions which could minimize adverse impacts on human health and maximise economic well-being. TIFAC’s team of scientists from a range of disciplines are exploring the best methods to revive the Indian economy and reduce its impact on it post COVD-19.
INDIA appreciated the efforts of the New Development Bank on fast-tracking financial assistance of about five billion dollars to BRICS countries including Emergency Assistance of one billion dollars to India to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Addressing the 5th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors through video conference yesterday, Ms. Sitharaman also suggested that, assistance under this facility be enhanced to 10 billion dollars. She also mentioned Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s initiative of creating a COVID-19 Emergency Fund and India’s efforts in supplying critical medicine to needy countries to tackle COVID-19. The Finance Minister of Brazil thanked India for the timely help it received from India in the form of critical drugs.
The NDB was established by the BRICS countries -Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa in 2014. NDB has so far approved 14 Indian projects for an amount of 4,183 million dollars. The purpose of the Bank is to mobilise resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging market economies and developing countries to complement the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global growth and development.
One more institute of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has started whole-genome sequencing of novel coronavirus. Chandigarh-based Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTech) has taken up the task of large-scale genome sequencing of the virus. Earlier, the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology and the Institute of Genomic and Integrated Biology had started working on it.
The complete genome sequence information will enable researchers to gain insights about the origins of the virus, the different types of strains circulating in India and how it has spread across the length and breadth of the country. He said, the genomic resource obtained from this sequencing will also allow identification of new targets for diagnosis and drugs for COVID-19.
The whole-genome sequencing is a method used to determine the complete DNA sequence of a specific organism’s genome. As the Institute is known for its specialization in microbial and genomic research, CSIR-IMTech will perform sequencing of the SARS-Cov-2 RNA genome isolated from clinical samples.
So far, 9000 samples have been sequenced internationally as per Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) - a public platform started by the WHO in 2008 for countries to share genome sequences.
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