×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

Monthly DNA

29 Jul, 2020

12 Min Read

RIC-(Russia-India-China trilateral summit)

GS-II : International Relations Russia

Russia-India-China trilateral summit

  • RIC meeting is important as Russia, India and China are countries that carry important voices in international politics and have the potential to significantly influence world events.

About RIC trilateral summit

  • RIC committed itself to multilateralism and the principles of Charter of the United Nations.
  • Countries called for the comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countries so that it can adequately respond to global challenges.
  • During the summit, RIC acknowledged the importance of BRICS, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as important, effective mechanisms for promoting multilateralism.
  • RIC reiterated the importance of various regional fora and organizations such as the East Asia Summit (EAS), ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus), Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)?the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and the Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD).
  • RIC strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. It called for the early adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT). It also called for the implementation of the relevant UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions against terrorism.
  • RIC also stressed that those committing, orchestrating, inciting or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable and brought to justice.
  • RIC also called for the adoption of the convention against drug trafficking, peaceful uses of outer space, and prohibition of biological, and chemical weapons.
  • RIC called for peace in Afghanistan through an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process, welcomed the significant and positive changes in Korean Peninsula, supported Iran-Nuclear Deal, and supported the two-state solution to achieve settlement of the Palestinian issue.

Source: TH

Source-sink dynamics

GS-III :

Source-sink dynamics

  • Source–sink dynamics is a theoretical model used by ecologists to describe how variation in habitat quality may affect the population growth or decline of organisms.
  • Since quality is likely to vary among patches of habitat, it is important to consider how a low quality patch might affect a population.
  • In this model, organisms occupy two patches of habitat.
  1. One patch, the source, is a high quality habitat that on average allows the population to increase.
  2. The second patch, the sink, is a very low-quality habitat that, on its own, would not be able to support a population.
  • However, if the excess of individuals produced in the source frequently moves to the sink, the sink population can persist indefinitely. Organisms are generally assumed to be able to distinguish between high and low-quality habitat and to prefer high-quality habitats.
  • However, the ecological trap theory describes the reasons why organisms may actually prefer sink patches over source patches.
  • Finally, the source-sink model implies that some habitat patches may be more important to the long-term survival of the population, and considering the presence of source-sink dynamics will help inform conservation decisions.
  • Recently tiger surveys in India has shown the tiger population in the source-sink in the ratio of 60:40. 33% of the tiger population in India lives outside its source i.e, tiger reserves.
  • It moves towards the sink due to a decline in the capacities of the tiger reserves to further hold the tiger population. 17/50 tiger reserves in India are going to achieve its maximum capacity to holf the tiger populations.

Ecological traps

  • Ecological traps are scenarios in which rapid environmental change leads organisms to prefer to settle in poor-quality habitats.
  • The concept stems from the idea that organisms that are actively selecting habitat must rely on environmental cues to help them identify high-quality habitat.
  • If either the habitat quality or the cue changes so that one does not reliably indicate the other, organisms may be lured into poor-quality habitat.
  • Ecological traps are thought to occur when the attractiveness of a habitat increases disproportionately in relation to its value for survival and reproduction.
  • The result is preference of falsely attractive habitat and a general avoidance of high-quality but less-attractive habitats.

For example, Indigo buntings typically nest in shrubby habitat or broken forest transitions between closed canopy forest and open field. Human activity can create 'sharper', more abrupt forest edges and buntings prefer to nest along these edges. However, these artificial sharp forest edges also concentrate the movement of predators which predate their nests. In this way, Buntings prefer to nest in highly altered habitats where their nest success is lowest

Source: TH/WIKI

Kafala system

GS-II : International Relations West Asia

Kafala system

  • The kafala system is an exploitative system used to monitor migrant labourers, working primarily in the construction and domestic sectors in Gulf Cooperation Council member states and a few neighbouring countries.
  • The system requires all unskilled labourers to have an in-country sponsor, usually their employer, who is responsible for their visa and legal status.
  • This practice has been criticised by human rights organizations for creating easy opportunities for the exploitation of workers, as many employers take away passports and abuse their workers with little chance of legal repercussions.

Source: TH

Other Related News

28 July,2020
In reverse gear: on draft EIA notification

In reverse gear: on draft EIA notification Context In April, Environment Minister used a virtual conference to ensure that the National Board for Wildlife’s Standing Committee stamped its approval on several projects, with serious implications for conservation. He now wants to hurr

Draft Environmental Impact Assessment ,2020

Draft Environmental Impact Assessment ,2020 The draft notification is issued under the powers vested in the central government under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to take all such measures for “protecting and improving the quality of the environment. According to the governmen

Sudan’s troubles

Sudan’s troubles Context The massacre of over 60 people over the weekend in Sudan’s Darfur region marks a further escalation in the violence blighting the territory since the 2019 ouster of the country’s dictator Omar al-Bashir. Arab emperors vs. African ethnic group

The majority cannot afford a balanced diet

The majority cannot afford a balanced diet By, Madhura Swaminathan is Professor and Head of the Economic Analysis Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Bengaluru Context New analysis from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) shows that hundreds of millions of people in India above t

Mission Indradhanush

Mission Indradhanush Report on Immunization among ChildrenNational Statistical Office (NSO) released a report on immunization among children. The survey was conducted during July 2017-June to 2018. Highlights of the report -   Around 60% of children under five years of age were

Vriksharopan Abhiyan

Vriksharopan Abhiyan Union Home Ministry has recently launched the campaign “Vriksharopan Abhiyan”. It is being organized by the Ministry of Coal which involves all coal and lignite PSUs. It is a part of the going green Initiative of the Ministry of Coal. Under this initiative, lar

Venus Coronae

Venus Coronae Researchers have recently studied the formation of Venus’ ring-shaped volcanic structures called “Coronae”. They are formed by plumes of molten rock rising from the mantle up through the crust. This process is similar to how Earth’s volcanos function. Inte

Bubonic plague

Bubonic plague Bubonic plague is a rare but serious zoonotic disease. It is caused by bacterial infection and transmitted by fleas from rodents. It mainly results from the bite of an infected flea, and also from exposure to the body fluids from a dead plague-infected animal. There are no repor

YuWaah

YuWaah UNICEF launched Generation Unlimited India (YuWaah) in 2019. It is a multi-stakeholder alliance which aims to facilitate youth to gain relevant skills for productive lives and the future of work. The target age group includes adolescent girls and boys. Its key mission is to promote amon

27 July,2020
New FDI rules, 2020

New FDI rules, 2020 The Government of India has made its approval for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by neighbouring countries mandatory. This revised FDI policy aims to curb opportunistic takeovers/acquisitions of Indian companies due to the current Covid-19 pandemic. Important points

Yercaud lake affected by Water hyacinth

Yercaud lake affected by Water hyacinth Yercaud lake is located in Salem, Tamil Nadu. It is recently affected by the problem of water hyacinth. About Water hyacinth: Water hyacinth is a free-floating and flowering invasive aquatic plant originating from Amazon Basin, South America

Cold War between U.S.A and China

Cold War between U.S.A and China GS-Paper-2 US-CHINA (Mains) Recently, the U.S.A blocked China's access to chip-making tools and designated Chinese telecom giants Huawei, and ZTE as national security threats. However, with the 5G rollout approaching, the move will impact several

Military Equipments and why RUSSIA??

Military Equipment and why RUSSIA?? Russia's Military Equipment: The Navy's only active aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya and its only nuclear attack submarine in service, Chakra II, are from Russia. So are the Army’s T-90 and T-72 mai

DDT to South Africa

DDT to South Africa GS-Paper-2 I.R India and Africa (PT-MAINS) Recently, HIL (India) Limited has supplied 20.60 Metric tonne of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), a fertilizer to South Africa for their malaria control program. The Company is further in the pr

Sero-surveillance

Sero-surveillance Recently, the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) conducted a sero-surveillance study for Covid-19 in New Delhi. NCDC is under the administrative control of the Directorate General of Health Services in the Union Ministry of Health

Social Security Number for Migrants

Social Security Number for Migrants GS-Paper-3 Economic development (Mains) The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour has recommended that the government introduce a social security number for migrant workers, especially those working in the unorganised sectors&nb

'Manodarpan' 

'Manodarpan'  Recently, the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) launched the 'Manodarpan' initiative under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. It is aimed to provide psychosocial support to students, family members and teachers for their mental hea

Global Fund

Global Fund Recently, ‘key populations affected by HIV/AIDS (or KPs)’ have protested for being ignored by governments and multilateral agencies (including United Nations) in Covid-19-related emergency relief efforts. They have petitioned the Globa

Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant-NUCLEAR ENERGY

Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant-NUCLEAR ENERGY GS-Paper-3 Nuclear energy (S&T) (PT-MAINS) Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant is the country’s first 700 MWe (megawatt electric) unit, located in Gujarat. It is the biggest indigenously developed variant of the Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts