×

29 November, 2020

9 Min Read

GS-III : S&T R&D
GLOBAL INNOVATION & TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE

GLOBAL INNOVATION & TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE

GS-III – S&T (PT-MAINS-I.V)

Context: 9th Foundation Day of GITA, Union Minister of Science & Technology underlined how Global Innovation and Technology Alliance (GITA) served as a catalyst for nurturing innovation and industrial R&D.

About:

  • Global Innovation & Technology Alliance (GITA) is a “not–for–profit” Section-8 Public Private Partnership (PPP) company.
  • It is promoted jointly by the Technology Development Board (TDB), Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
  • The Prime Minister’s Council on Trade & Industry had, in 2010, recommended incorporation of a Government’s arm’s length entity under PPP mode to professionally manage the Government’s funds for providing flexibility to industry for undertaking R&D along with global partners.

The GITA platform encourages industrial investments in innovative technology solutions by

    • Mapping technology gaps,
    • Undertaking expert evaluation of technologies available across the globe,
    • Facilitating techno–strategic collaborative partnerships appropriate for Indian economy,
    • Connecting industrial and institutional partners for synergistic matchmaking and
    • Providing soft funding for technology development / acquisition / deployment.

Historical perspective

Technology Development Board:

It is a statutory body established by Technology Development Board Act, 1995.

Objective: To promote development and commercialization of indigenous technology and adaptation of imported technology for much wider application.

Roles and functions of the board:

  1. Encourage enterprises to take up technology-oriented products.
  2. Provide equity capital or loans to industrial concerns and financial assistance to research and development institutions.

Global Innovation & Technology Alliance (GITA):

In order to stimulate private sector’s investment in R&D, TDB has established Global Innovation & Technology Alliance (GITA).

It is a joint venture between Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and TDB with an equity contribution of 51:49 respectively.

The GITA will assist Department of Science & Technology (DST) in implementing industrial research and development programme with different countries under bilateral and multilateral science and technology cooperation agreements.

Source: PIB

Print PDF

GS-III : S&T Science diplomacy
Strategic S&T ties- Science diplomacy

Strategic S&T ties- Science diplomacy

GS-III – Climate chance and S&T (Mains-I.V)

What?

Science diplomacy is the use of scientific collaborations among nations to address common problems and to build constructive international partnerships.

It is evident that international collaborations in S&T innovation is not merely cosmetic. Today, it is a necessity. No nation alone has the capacity, infrastructure and human resources to address the massive challenges that the earth and mankind faces, threatening our very existence.

Why?

  • Some of the most pressing issues and developmental challenges facing nations in contemporary times have a scientific and technological dimension.
  • Science and Technology (S&T)-led innovation offers an opportunity to address these multifaceted challenges, which are now global in nature.
  • For a diverse country such as India, S&T is expected to empower the common citizen, making his/her life easier.
  • S&T interventions have to be able to address both national needs and aspirations — by being inclusive — and, at the same time, they have to meet the international obligations of a responsible country.
  • Science diplomacy, thus, is a crucial policy dimension.

Impact of climate change can be depicted:

Hockey Stick Graph: It shows that the earth's temperature was relatively stable for 500 years. However, it spiked sharply in the 20th century. This rise was unprecedented across the last millennium. It was interpreted as coinciding with humanity's use of fossil fuels.

The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 0.90C since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere. Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with the five warmest years on record taking place since 2010.

Melting Polar Caps: The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have decreased in mass. Data from NASA show Greenland lost an average of 286 billion tons of ice per year between 1993 and 2016, while Antarctica lost about 127 billion tons of ice per year during the same time period. The rate of Antarctica ice mass loss has tripled in the last decade.

Global sea level rose about 8 inches in the last century. The rate of rising of the sea is nearly double that of the last century and is accelerating slightly every year.

Ocean Acidification: Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the acidity of surface ocean waters has increased by about 30 percent. This increase is the result of humans emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and hence more being absorbed into the oceans. The amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by the upper layer of the oceans is increasing by about 2 billion tons per year.

Science diplomacy, thus, is a crucial policy dimension in tackling climate change and the world can learn from India on this front.

The Global Innovation and Technology Alliance (GITA) were launched by India a few years ago. It has provided an enabling platform for frontline techno-economic alliances.

Enterprises from India are tying up with their counterparts from partner countries including Canada, Finland, Italy, Sweden, Spain, and the UK. This industry-led collaboration, with the government as an equal partner, is aimed at supporting the last phase of technology-based high-end, affordable product development which can connect to both global and domestic markets.

The India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA), with more than 79 sunshine countries as signatories and nearly 121 prospective countries as partners, is another excellent example of modern-day science diplomacy. The vision and mission of the ISA is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource-rich countries. Such a platform can make a positive contribution towards achieving the common goals of increasing the use of solar energy in meeting the energy needs of member countries in a safe, affordable, equitable and sustainable manner.

The Global Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) was recently announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York.

The CDRI is yet another example of international partnership piloted by India in consultation with 35 countries that will support developed and developing nations in their efforts to build climate and disaster-resilient infrastructure, required to face the vagaries of climate change.

The CDRI will provide member countries with technical support and capacity development, research and knowledge management, and advocacy and partnerships. It is aimed at risk identification and assessment, urban risk and planning, and disaster risk management.

Recently, Madrid talks on climate change have resulted in disappointment. Therefore, in order to design and develop effective tools for international engagement through S&T, the world requires the proactive engagement of the scientific and technological community with stakeholders including the polity, the diplomatic corps and the knowledge enterprises, etc.

Source: IE

Print PDF

Other Related News

28 November,2020
Stepping out of the shadow of India’s malnutrition

Stepping out of the shadow of India’s malnutrition Context: Two recent reports: the annual report on “The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020” by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and the 2020 Hunger report, “Better Nutri

Tech tact

Tech tact Context: The government has blocked 43 more mobile apps, including major Chinese ones citing threat to national security, integrity and sovereignty. Details Following escalation of tensions with China at the border, India has blocked over 250 Chinese mobile apps, a bunc

India - Vietnam

India-Vietnam Talks Recently, Defence Ministers of India and Vietnam have discussed collaboration in defence industry capability building, training and cooperation in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations, etc.   Defence Cooperation: Both countries reaffirmed the strong I

Honey FPO Programme: NAFED       

Honey FPO Programme: NAFED         Context Recently, the Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare has virtually inaugurated the Honey Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) Programme of the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of

Climate Change Knowledge Portal

Climate Change Knowledge Portal Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the ‘India Climate Change Knowledge Portal’. Objective: The Portal will help in disseminating knowledge among citizens about all the major steps the Government is t

Dry Swab RT-PCR Covid-19 Test

Dry Swab RT-PCR Covid-19 Test. Recently, the  Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Centre for Cellular  and Molecular Biology (CSIR-CCMB) has got the permission of the  Indian Council     of Medical Research (ICMR) to commercially use the dry swab RNA-e

Fiscal deficit reaches 120% of annual target

Fiscal deficit reaches 120% of annual target:. The Union Government’s fiscal deficit further widened to ?9.53 lakh crore, or close to 120% of the annual budget estimate, at the end of October of the current fiscal. Reasons behind this: The deficit widened mainly due to poor revenue

Pilibhit tiger reserve gets the first TX2 award

Pilibhit tiger reserve gets the first TX2 award: Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Uttar Pradesh has bagged the first international award, TX2, among the 13 tiger ranging countries for having doubled the number of tigers in less than the stipulated time. In 2014, All India Tiger Estimation had e

Brain Fingerprinting

Brain Fingerprinting The accused in Hathras rape case will undergo brain fingerprinting. Key takeaways Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling (BEOSP) is also known as brain fingerprinting. It is a neuro psychological method of interrogation in which the accused’s partic

Blue Tide Phenomenon

Blue Tide phenomenon observed in Maharashtra Over the last few days, visitors to beaches in Maharashtra have witnessed the fluorescent bluish glow when the waves hit the shoreline. Key takeaways The phenomenon is called ‘blue tide’. It appears when luminescent marine life m

27 November,2020
National Organ Donation Day

National Organ Donation Day Context National Organ Donation Day was celebrated on 27th November by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Key Points National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP) Provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs, SOTTOs, developing new and upgradi

Anti Defection Law

Anti Defection Law Context India’s first Member of Parliament to have been disqualified from the Lok Sabha has now been disqualified as an MLA in Mizoram. Mizoram Assembly Speaker disqualifies Zoram People’s Movement MLA Lalduhoma. Ground for disqualification: The disqual

SDGs Investor Map For India launched

SDGs Investor Map For India launched United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Invest India have launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Investor Map for India. Key takeaways It laid out 18 Investment Opportunities Areas (IOAs) in six critical SDG enabling sectors, that can

Should there be one Nation one Election?

PM on One Nation, One Election Recently, the Prime Minister of India has addressed the concluding session of the  80th All India Presiding Officers Conference via videoconference, at Kevadiya (Gujarat) on the occasion of Constitution Day (26th November). All India Presiding Officers Confe

Comparison between the pardoning powers of President of USA vs India

Comparison between President’s Powers to Pardon in USA vs India Context: Recently, the President of the United States of America (USA) has exercised his powers under the constitution to pardon his former National Security Advisor. Unlike the USA President, whose powers to grant par

CPCB Study: Trends in Air Pollution

Trends in Air Pollution: CPCB According to a recent study commissioned by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the rate of increase in pollution levels in southern and eastern India is far greater than the Indo-Gangetic plain (IGP). It has also found that air pollution in rural areas ha

Swadhar Greh and Portal for Transgender Persons

Initiatives for Transgender Persons: Garima Greh Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched the National Portal for Transgender Persons and has inaugurated Garima Greh, a shelter home for transgender persons. National Portal for Transgender Persons: It has been

HC has virtually taken over executive function: A.P Govt to SC

HC has virtually taken over executive function: A.P Govt to SC Andhra Pradesh government recently told the Supreme Court that Andhra Pradesh High Court has “virtually taken over the executive functions of the State”. What’s the issue? State government says that the High

Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network

Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network The Indian government is using eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network) in association with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to identify primary beneficiaries and vaccine distribution networks. eVIN is an indigenously developed tech

Information Management and Analysis Center (IMAC)

Indian Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC): The Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) will soon become a National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA) centre, with all stakeholders having their presence there. About IMAC: It is the nodal ag

Toppers Video
Students Achievement
one hour two newspaper

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts
x
ppep sanjeevani