06 April, 2023
4 Min Read
Bandipur was one of the first nine reserves included in Project Tiger's flagship initiative, and it contained the majority of territories that were already protected by Venugopal Wildlife Park
It is located in the tri-junction of the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala in two adjacent districts of Karnataka (Mysore and Chamarajanagar).
Bandipur Tiger Reserve is located in one of the most biodiverse regions of our nation, the "Western Ghats Mountains Biogeography Zone," and is bordered by the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu to the south, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala to the southwest, and the Kabini Reservoir in Kerala to the north-west.
The Bandipur Tiger Reserve is a crucial part of the nation's first biosphere reserve, the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, and the Bandipur, Nagarahole, Mudumalai, and Wayanad complex landscape is home to the highest population of Asian elephants in addition to the nation's many tigers.
Project Tiger allowed for its establishment in 1973. In 1985, it was expanded and given the name Bandipur National Park by incorporating surrounding sections of Venugopala Wildlife Park.
The Bandipur Tiger Reserve is a crucial section of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the nation's first biosphere reserve, which is a part of the Mysore Elephant Reserve.
In addition to having the most tigers in the nation—roughly 724—the region that includes Bandipur, Nagarahole, Mudumalai, and Wayanad complex also has the largest population of Asian elephants.
For the conservation and preservation of various flora and fauna species, the government approved the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972.
The ambitious goal of Project Tiger, which was started by the Indira Gandhi administration in 1973 from the Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, was to increase the number of tigers in the nation.
Jim Corbett, Manas, Ranthambore, Simlipal, Bandipur, Palamau, Sundarbans, Melghta, and Kanha national parks were the first reserves to be included in Project Tiger.
Project Tiger now covers 54 tiger reserves, distributed throughout 18 of the states where tigers are found, up from 9 in its early years.
To protect India's tiger population in order to advance science, industry, culture, and aesthetics.
to determine the causes of tiger habitat decline and, via proper management practises, to minimise those causes.
to protect biologically significant regions as a national treasure for the people's ongoing enjoyment and education.
protecting threatened and endangered species.
to protect the rights of locals and tribal members who reside close to tiger reserves.
Source: The Hindu
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