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  • 22 March, 2021

  • 4 Min Read

Tiger Reserves in India

6 tigers are unaccounted for in the Ranthambore tiger reserves in Rajasthan, since March 2020. NTCA has constituted a committee in this regard.

About Tiger Reserves:

  • Tiger Reserves are protected areas that aim at conserving the habitat to ensure a viable population of the tigers along with their prey base in their habitat.

Declared by: Tigers Reserves are declared by the National Tiger Conservation Authority via Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act,2006 under Project Tiger.

  • Project Tiger: It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India launched in 1973.
  • It aims for in-situ conservation of wild tigers in designated tiger reserves.
  • To declare an area as Tiger Reserve, the state governments can forward their proposals to NTCA.
  • The Central Government via NTCA may also advise the state governments to forward a proposal for creation of Tiger Reserves.

Tigers Reserves in India:

  • There are 51 tigers reserves in India.
  • These are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by NTCA.
  • Bandipur Tiger Reserve in Karnataka is the first tiger reserve in India
  • Srivilliputhur- Megamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu is the 51st Tiger Reserve in India.
  • Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve located in Andhra Pradesh is the largest tiger reserve in India.
  • Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand has the highest number of tigers.
    • This is followed by Nagarhole tiger reserve(Karnataka) and Bandipur Tiger Reserve(Karnataka).

National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA):

  • NTCA is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
  • It was constituted under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • It was established in 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.

Objectives of National Tiger Conservation Authority:

  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance with its directives becomes legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in the management of Tiger Reserves.
  • Providing for oversight by Parliament.
  • Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tigers Reserves.

St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation

  • This resolution was adopted In 2010, by the leaders of 13 tiger range countries (TRCs) assembled at an International Tiger Forum in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • Also called the Global Tiger Recovery Program whose overarching goal was to double the number of wild tigers from about 3,200 to more than 7,000 by 2022.
  • 13 Tiger range countries are: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.

Source: TH

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