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24 February, 2021

4 Min Read

Bio-Restoration
  • A new technology for ecological restoration (Bio-restoration) was developed by Indian scientists.
  • It is helping in revival of mangroves degraded due to rising sea levels, climate change and human intrusion in the Sunderbans, West Bengal.
  • The Sundarbans is a protected wetland under the Ramsar Convention and is also a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Ecological restoration means reviving native ecosystem in degraded areas while maintaining diversity of original flora and fauna through regeneration but bringing down the regeneration period to 4 to 5 years.
  • Restoration process begins with stabilising entire site by planting native salt tolerant grasses. It involves the use of growth-promoting bacteria.
  • The restoration project was initiated with help from the Department of Biotechnology in 2013.

Source: TH

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