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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 01 December, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

CITES 19th Conference & Pangolins 

CITES 19th Conference & Pangolins

To help save the species, the 19th Conference of Parties (COP19) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) urged countries to remove references to pangolin parts and derivatives from official pharmacopoeia (drug-making).

Regarding Pangolin:

  • The pangolin is the world's most trafficked animal.
  • Pangolins are mammal-like creatures. They are the only mammals that are entirely covered in scales, which they use to protect themselves from predators in the wild.
  • Pangolins, also known as the scaly anteater, eat ants, termites, and larvae.
  • Eight pangolin species are found on two continents: Asia and Africa.
  • They are classified as Vulnerable to Critically Endangered.
  • India is home to the Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and the Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla).

Protection:

  • It is listed under the Schedule I Part I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • It is listed in Appendix I of CITES in accordance with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
  • Indian pangolin – Endangered; Chinese pangolin – Critically Endangered.

Geographical location:

  • There are eight species of pangolins in the world of which the Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and the Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) are found in India.
  • The Indian Pangolin is distributed in other parts of the country as well as Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Threats:

  • Poaching for its meat and scales, which are used and consumed by local people, but are also increasingly traded internationally

Source: Down To Earth


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