02 December, 2021
20 Min Read
About Census 2021
While the usefulness of the Census cannot be disregarded, for instance with regard to the delimitation exercise, there is a lack of depth where some issues are concerned. In this context, the discussion around caste and its enumeration have been controversial.
Socio Economic Caste census (SECC):
An Expert Group under the Chairmanship of former Finance Secretary Sumit Bose was constituted to study the objective criteria for allocation of resources to States and identification and prioritization of beneficiaries under various programme using Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) data. The committee has recently submitted its report to the ministry of rural development (MoRD) and has recommended the use of SECC data for all government schemes instead of the below poverty line (BPL) data.
What is SECC? (Prelims)
7 Criterias used in SECC (PT Pointers)
Findings of SECC: (Data important for Mains and Essay)
A total of 24.39 Crore households were surveyed. Out of those, 91 Crore were rural households.
Importance of SECC:
Drawbacks of SECC
Apart from themes specific to enumerating caste, there are other issues that the Census and the SECC in particular face.
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