19 July, 2020
3 Min Read
GS-PAPER-2 Governance – Elections
Delimitation is the act of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies to represent changes in population and is done on the basis of the preceding Census.
Establishment: It was appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
Functions: It determines the number and boundaries of constituencies to make the population of all constituencies nearly equal. It also identifies the seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, wherever their population is relatively large.
Recently, a former legal advisor to the Election Commission (EC) has held that the Centre’s order for setting up a Delimitation Commission for Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Assam and Nagaland is “unconstitutional” and “illegal”. The government constituted a Delimitation Commission to redraw Lok Sabha and assembly constituencies of the Union Territory Jammu and Kashmir and the four northeastern states on 6th March 2020. It is headed by the former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.
Issue: The Centre's order for setting up a Delimitation Commission is illegal because it violates the Representation of the People Act 1950.
Section 8A of the RP Act 1950, introduced by Parliament in 2008, states that delimitation in the four northeastern states would fall within the EC’s remit.
Hence, any delimitation exercise by the new Delimitation Commission would be declared void and result in the wastage of huge public funds.
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