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  • 10 December, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Forced Displacement: UNDP Report

Forced Displacement: UNDP Report

  • According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) report "Turning the Tide on Internal Displacement: A Development Approach to Solutions," more than 100 million people will be forcibly displaced in 2022, the majority of whom will be within their own countries, for the first time in history.

What are the Report's Findings?


  • Over 59 million people were forcibly displaced within their own countries by the end of 2021 as a result of conflict, violence, disasters, and climate change.
  • Before the Ukraine war, an estimated 6.5 million people were internally displaced.
  • Climate change may force more than 216 million people to relocate within their own countries by 2050.
  • Internal displacement caused by disasters is becoming even more widespread, with new displacements recorded in over 130 countries and territories in 2021.
  • Approximately 30% of professional lives became unemployed, and 24% were unable to earn money in the same way they had previously. 48% of internally displaced households earned less money than they did before they were displaced.
  • Impact: Internally Displaced Persons struggle to meet their basic needs, find decent work and maintain a consistent source of income.
  • Female and youth-headed households are disproportionately affected.
  • Forced displacement is most prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and parts of the Americas.
  • The direct global impact of internal displacement is estimated to be more than USD 21.5 billion in 2021, owing to the financial cost of providing housing, education, health, and security, and accounts to every internally displaced person.
  • A lack of accurate and widely accepted statistics on displacement has resulted in a lack of policies for displaced people.


  • Longer-term development action is required to reverse record levels of internal displacement, with climate change expected to uproot millions more people.
  • Humanitarian assistance alone will not suffice to address the world's record levels of internal displacement. There is a need to develop new approaches to dealing with the consequences of internal displacement from a development standpoint.

There are five key development solutions that can be implemented:

  • Institutional strengthening of governance
  • Increasing socioeconomic integration through increased access to jobs and services
  • Restoring safety
  • Increasing participation
  • Increasing social cohesion

What is the United Nations Development Program?

  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the global development network of the United Nations.
  • The United Nations Development Programme was formed by the merger of the United Nations Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance and the United Nations Special Fund.
  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1965 and began operations in January 1966.
  • It offers expert advice, training, and grants to developing countries, with a growing emphasis on assisting the least developed countries.
  • The UNDP Executive Board is comprised of representatives from 36 countries who serve on a rotating basis.
  • It is entirely supported by voluntary contributions from member countries.
  • UNDP is at the heart of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG), a 165-country network that brings together the 40 UN funds, programs, specialized agencies, and other bodies working to advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • Human Development Index is a UNDP publication.

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