18 July, 2022
10 Min Read
Only four Female Great Indian Bustards (GIB) are left in Gujarat. According to a 2018 count, India has fewer than 150 GIBs, of which 122 are mainly in Rajasthan.
About Great Indian Bustard
[Note: Only 350 Bengal Floricans are left in the country. It was once widely distributed in the Gangetic and Brahmaputra plains, now confined to a few pockets of Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh. IUCN STATUS: Critically Endangered]
[Lesser Florican smallest of the Bustard family was found throughout the country and now less than 2500 survive in the world, confined to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Western Madhya Pradesh. IUCN STATUS: Endangered]
Threats and issues in Conservation:
Measures taken to protect the Bustards:
The programme aims to build up a captive population of Great Indian Bustards and to release the chicks into the wild for increasing the population.
A proper Centrally Sponsored holistic approach with necessary policies and action to conserve grasslands, with the involvement of local communities is much needed for the conservation of the bustards.
Source: The Hindu
21 December, 2020
7 Min Read
The Wildlife Institute of India proposed to put all power transmission lines passing through Great Indian Bustard (GIB) habitat underground. GIB, a bird native to India and Pakistan, is the State Bird of Rajasthan. The largest population is found in Rajasthan.
The sanctuaries that shelter or conserve
Protection status of GIB:
Threats include agriculture; energy production & mining; transportation; human intrusions, and invasive and other problematic species.
IUCN Red List
As per the latest information from the IUCN Red List 2019:
A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is based upon precise criteria to evaluate the rate of extinction of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world.
The IUCN red list provides taxonomic data, conservation status, and distribution information on species that are facing a high risk of global extinction.
Objectives of IUCN
The International Union for Conservation of Nature works to achieve the following goals:
IUCN Red List Users
The IUCN Red List provides accurate data on the status of different species on the Earth. This information is used by various departments, institutes, and organizations.
The users of the IUCN Red List are given below:
Purpose of the IUCN Red List Data
The information cited in the IUCN Red List is used by various organizations in the following ways:
Following are the 9 categories in the IUCN red list:
List of critically endangered species in India as per IUCN Red List 2019
Critically Endangered Mammals
Critically Endangered Birds
Critically Endangered Reptiles
Critically Endangered Fishes
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