UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 17 September, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

 India Discrimination Report 2022: Oxfam India

India Discrimination Report 2022: Oxfam India

  • According to a recent Oxfam India Report, discrimination in India is the sole cause of the job imbalance that affects women in rural areas and 98 per cent of those in urban areas.
  • Based on government data on employment and labour from 2004–2005 through 2019–2020, the report's conclusions.

Important Points:

  • The proportion of the working-age population that actively participates in the labour market, either by working or looking for a job, is known as the labour force participation rate (LFPR).
  • In India, it fell from 42.7% in 2004–05 to 25.1% in 2021, indicating that women are leaving labour despite the country's significant economic growth over that time.

Men and Women's Pay Gap:

  • In 2019–20, 60% of all males aged 15 and older worked regularly for a salary or on their own, compared to 19% of girls in the same age group.
  • Discrimination in the workplace: Women who work as casual employees make around Rs. 3,000 less than their male counterparts.
  • Rising discrimination against SC/ST: Self-employed SC/STs earn Rs 5,000 less than non-SC/STs, and discrimination is responsible for 41% of this difference.
  • Gender discrimination in rural and urban areas: In India, structural gender discrimination leads to significant salary gaps between men and women under "normal circumstances."
  • The data for the years 2004–2005, 2018–19, and 2019–20 provide evidence for this. Between 50% and 70%, there are significant wage discrepancies for temporary employees in both rural and urban locations.

Discrimination Causes

  • Prejudices in society and among employers are to blame for the lower pay for women.
  • Having little access to the education system and the workforce.
  • A sizable portion of highly qualified women desires employment due to societal obligations or domestic duties.
  • A sharp decline in women's informal employment in cities throughout the first quarter of the pandemic.

Constitutional Provisions against Discrimination

  • Equality Before the Law: According to Article 14 of the Indian Constitution, no one should be denied treatment as an equal before the law or the equal protection of the laws on Indian territory.
  • All individuals, whether citizens or non-citizens, statutory corporations, businesses, registered societies, or any other sort of legal person, are granted the right.
  • Discrimination Is Prohibited: According to Article 15, no citizen may be subjected to discrimination solely on the basis of their religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  • Equality of Opportunity in Public Employment: Article 16 of the Indian Constitution guarantees everyone the same chances while applying for jobs or being appointed to public positions.

Suggestions/Next Steps

  • Uphold laws that safeguard the right to equal pay and working conditions.
  • Work to actively encourage women to enter the workforce by measures such as wage increases, skill upgrades, job reservations, simple return-to-work alternatives, particularly following maternity leave, and the ability to work from home, whenever it is feasible.
  • We must make sure that men and women share domestic chores and childcare responsibilities more fairly.
  • Establishing "living wages" in place of minimum wages, especially for all undocumented workers, and formalising contractual, temporary, and casual employment as much as possible


  • The goal of Oxfam, a coalition of 20 independent nonprofit organisations, is to reduce worldwide poverty.
  • It was started in 1942, and Oxfam International was in charge.
  • Since 1951, Oxfam has operated in India. It first arrived in India in response to the famine in Bihar.
  • In 2008, Oxfam India separated from its parent organisation to become an Indian NGO.
  • It is a sizable nonprofit organisation with a wide range of endeavours.
  • HQ: Nairobi, Kenya.
  • A world where the economy is centred on the needs of people and the environment. where girls and women can live without fear of abuse or discrimination. where the climate emergency is under control. and in nations with inclusive governance structures that enable accountability for individuals in positions of authority.

Also, Read - Pacts with the Armed Tribal Groups of the Northeast

Source: The New Indian express

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Recently, Prime Minister announced Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana under which 1 crore households will get rooftop solar power systems. India’s Status of Current Solar Capacity India currently stands at 4th place globally in solar power capacity. As per Ministry of New an

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)- NGO 

The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010 (FCRA) registration of two prominent non-governmental organisations (NGOs) — Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and World Vision India (WVI) have been cancelled this month. What is FCRA? Key provisions of FCRA, 2010 Key aspects Description

Voice clone-AI

Voice clone fraud has been on the rise in India. AI voice cloning – It is the process of creating a synthetic replica of a person’s voice through machine learning and speech synthesis technology.It is called as voice deepfakesor audio deepfakes. Objective – To achieve a high level of na

Science communication- how to promote

Steps taken by India to promote Science Communication Publications and Information Directorate (PID) - An organisation under Council of Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1951 for publishing and disseminating scientific information in India. National science magazines- The PI

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to co


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links

UPSC GS Mains Crash Course - RAW Prelims Answer Key 2024