UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 18 November, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC)

Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC)

  • The Indian Biological Data Bank was recently established by the government at the Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB), Faridabad.
  • Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC) is the alternative name for the Indian Biological Data Centre.

Describe IBDC.

  • IBDC is the first national repository for life science data in India, allowing academics from all around the country to access the data as well as submit it.
  • All life science data produced by publically sponsored research in India must be archived in the IBDC.
  • The Department of Biotechnology provides funding for the data centre (DBT).
  • In association with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), Bhubaneshwar, it is being built at the Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB).
  • The setup fee was about RS 85 crore.

Key Features:

  • The digitised data will be stored on a four-petabyte supercomputer called ‘Brahm’.

[A petabyte equals 10,00,000 gigabytes (gb).]

  • Different sections of IBDC would typically deal with the particular type(s) of life science data.
  • Each IBDC section would have dedicated data submission and access schema.
  • IBDC has a backup data ‘Disaster Recovery’ site at National Informatics Centre.
  • Further, IBDC shall also develop highly curated data sets in order to facilitate knowledge discovery in various domains of life sciences.
  • It would also provide infrastructure and expertise for biological data analysis.
  • It currently accepts nucleotide sequences — the digitised genetic makeup of humans, plants, animals, and microbes.
  • There are now 200 billion base pair data in the bio-bank, including 200 human genomes sequenced under the ‘1,000 Genome Project’, which is an international effort to map the genetic variations in people.
  • The project will also focus on populations that are predisposed to certain diseases.
  • It will also help researchers in studying zoonotic diseases.
  • Although the database currently only accepts such genomic sequences, it is likely to expand later to storage of protein sequences and imaging data such as copies of Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).


  • Provide an IT platform for perpetually archiving biological data in the country.
  • Development of standard operating Procedures (SOPs) for storing and sharing the data as per FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable) Principle.
  • Perform quality control, curation/annotation of data, data backup and management of data life cycle.
  • Development of web-based tools/Application Programming Interface (API) for data sharing/retrieval.
  • Organization of training programs on ‘Big’ data analysis and benefits of data sharing.

Data Access:

IBDC would have majorly two data access types:

  • Open access/time-release access: Data submitted at IBDC would be freely accessible across the globe as per international open-access standards. The submitter, however, may choose to restrict the data access for a defined period of time.
  • Restricted access: The data would not be made accessible freely. It can only be accessed through prior permission through IBDC from the original data submitter.


  • It will reduce the dependency of Indian researchers on American and European data banks.
  • It will not only provide a platform to researchers to securely store their data within the country, it will also provide access to a large database of indigenous sequences for analyses.
  • Such databases have traditionally played a key role in determining the genetic basis of various diseases and finding targets for vaccines and therapeutics.

Source: The Indian Express

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India by CSE According to a recent report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India will experience some form of natural disaster almost every day in the first nine months of 2022. Between January 1 and September 30, 2022, India recorded 241 extreme weather events. About the evalu

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector The 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting was recently held in Mumbai. Indo-Norway collaboration in the GREEN MARITIME Sector The history of maritime trade with Norway dates back to 1600. Norway has technical expertise in the maritime sector, and India has enormous potentia

Arittapatti Village:Biodiversity Heritage Site

Arittapatti Village: Biodiversity Heritage Site In accordance with Section 37 of the Biodiversity Diversity Act, 2002, the Government of Tamil Nadu published a notification designating Arittapatti Village in Melur in the Madurai district as a biodiversity heritage site. The Biodiversity Heritage site is the first site to be nominated

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance Animal health issues in factory farming have a severe impact on food safety, the environment, and the climate, which can result in antibiotic resistance (AMR). Farming of pigs, cows, and birds in close quarters is known as factory farming or intensive food-animal farming. These are industr

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded. The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27)


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts