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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 31 March, 2021

  • 4 Min Read

New Red Alga found in Arabian Sea

Two new species of red seaweed - Hypnea indica and Hypnea bullata - have been discovered by marine biologists from Central University of Punjab (The genus Hypnea includes red seaweeds.)

  • Hypnea indica - Discovered from Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, and Somnath Pathan and Sivrajpur in Gujarat.
  • Hypnea bullata - Discovered from Kanyakumari and Diu island of Daman and Diu.
  • Another species, Hypnea nidifica, has been found for the first time in Indian coasts.
  • The genus Hypnea consists of calcareous, erect, branched red seaweeds.
  • They grow in the intertidal regions of the coast, namely the area that is submerged during the high tide and exposed during low tides.
  • Species of Hypnea contain the biomolecule carrageenan, which is widely used in the food industry.
  • However algae with calcareous mineral deposits are prone for the damage from ocean acidification, an aftermath of climate change.

Source: IE


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