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  • 28 July, 2021

  • 15 Min Read

Organic Farming and Zero Budget Natural Farming

Organic Farming and Zero Budget Natural Farming

Read complete topic about Organic Farming and then read the following content, your retention quality will improve exponentially.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana: click here to get complete topic.

Zero Budget Natural Farming

  1. Intro: Originally promoted by Subhash Palekar in mid 1990s as an alternative to GR methods.
  2. Rationale:
    1. According to NSSO data ~ 70% of Agriculture households spend more than they earn and more than half of farmers are indebted because of rising cost of external inputs. In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, ~ 90% are indebted.
    2. Impact of chemicals on Environment & long term fertility is devastating.
  3. Components?
    1. Application of Jeevamrutha (Biofertilizer) = a mix of fresh desi cowdung + aged desi cow urine, jaggery, pulse floor, water and soil. Fermented microbial culture. That adds nutrients to soil. Catalyst to promote activity of micro org & earthworms in soil.
    2. Application of Bijamrita is used to treat seeds.
    3. Concotions of Neem leaves, Pulp, Tobacco and Green chillies are prep for insect & pest management.
    4. Promotes soil aeration,Replenish local water bodies, minimal watering, intercropping, Contours, bunds and topsoil mulching and discourages intensive irri & deep ploughing.
  4. Implementation
    1. According to Eco Survey > 1.6 lakh farmers are practicing ZBNF in ~ 1000 villages using some form of State support.
    2. Karnataka was the pioneer > AP planned to become India's 1st State to practice 100% NF by 2024 > HP, CG, KL, UK.
  5. Limitations
    1. A 2017 study in AP claimed a sharp decline in input costs and improvement in yields. Infact many farmers in Maharashtra have reverted back to conventional farming after seeing ZBNF returns drop.
    2. No separate funding mechanism in Budget to promote it. The revised funds for RKVY RAFTAAR & Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana are used by States to promote ZBNF, Vedic farming, natural farming etc.

Government is promoting and supporting organic farming and zero budget natural farming under various schemes, detailed below:-

  • DARE/ICAR through its Plan Scheme ‘Network Project on Organic Farming (NPOF)’ is undertaking research in 20 centres covering 16 states to develop location specific organic farming package of practices for crops and cropping systems.
  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), a sub-component of Soil Health Management (SHM) scheme under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), promotes cluster based organic farming with Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification. Cluster formation, training, certification and marketing are supported under the scheme. Assistance of Rs. 50,000 per ha for 3 years is provided, out of which 62% i.e., Rs. 31,000 is given as incentive to a farmer towards use of organic inputs.
  • The Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER), promotes 3rd party certified organic farming of niche crops of north east region through Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) with focus on exports. Farmers are given assistance of Rs 25000/ha for 3 years for organic inputs including organic manure and bio-fertilisers etc. Support for formation of FPOs, capacity building, post-harvest infrastructure up to Rs 2 crores are also provided under the scheme.
  • 100% assistance is provided to State Governments/ Government agencies through Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme (CISS) under Soil Health Management Scheme for setting up of mechanized fruit/ vegetable market place, waste/ agro-waste compost production unit to the extent of Rs.190.00 Lakh /unit (capacity of 3000 t/annum of finished compost). Similarly, for individuals/ private agencies, assistance up to 33% of cost limit to Rs 63 lakh/unit as capital investment is provided for the purpose.
  • Under the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF) of Aatmanirbhar Bharat, financing facility is provided to State agencies, Primary Agricultural Credit Societies, Farmer Producer Organisations, entrepreneurs etc. for setting up of organic input production units, community farming assets and post-harvest infrastructure for value addition to organic produce.
  • The farmers are encouraged to use organic inputs by providing financial assistance through number of other schemes. For example, under the National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) and National Food Security Mission (NFSM), the financial assistance @ 50% subsidy to the tune of Rs. 300/- per ha is provided for use of organic inputs.

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana (PDDUUKSY)

  • Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Yojana (PDDUUKSY) was launched to develop human resource in organic farming, natural farming and cow based economy for environmental sustenance and soil health.
  • It was started with establishment of 100 centres. Under this scheme, 108 training programmes were organized for the awareness of the farmers during the period of operation.
  • Training programmes were organized for the farmers under PDDUUKSY in the field of organic farming, natural farming and other related latest technologies.
  • Agricultural Education Division, under its three year action plan provided need based support in critical areas to Agricultural Universities for strengthening and quality assurance of higher agricultural education in the country.
  • As a part of the undergraduate curriculum in agricultural university, each undergraduate student in agriculture has to opt for the Student READY (Rural Entrepreneurship Awareness Development Yojana) programme, which aims to provide rural entrepreneurship awareness to them during final year of their study.
  • The undergraduate students provide support for the livelihood improvement of small and marginal farmers in terms of providing information about facilities extended by the government, scientific and technical knowhow, selection of crops, marketing of their produce etc.

Source: PIB

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