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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 09 December, 2021

  • 8 Min Read

PM Khanij Kshetriya Kalyan Yojana, 2015

About PM Khanij Kshetriya Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY), 2015

  • PMKKVY was launched to provide for welfare of areas & people affected by mining areas.
  • PMKKKY is implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF from miners.
  • The overall objectives of PMKKKY scheme are:
    • To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas. These projects/ programs will be complementing the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
    • To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
    • To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
  • Area of jurisdiction:
    • Directly affected areas are those areas where direct mining related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal take place.
    • Indirectly affected areas are those where negative impacts of mining in the form of deterioration of water, soil and air quality, reduction in stream flows and depletion of ground water, congestion and pollution etc. happen due to mining operations.
  • Utilization of Funds:
    • At least 60% of the funds under the PMKKKY has to be used for high priority areas such as drinking water supply, environment preservation and pollution control measures, primary / secondary health care, education, welfare of women, children, aged and disabled people, skill development & sanitation.
    • Up to 40% of the funds can be used for infrastructure projects such as physical infrastructure, irrigation, energy and watershed development and any other measures for enhancing environmental quality in mining district.
    • Not more than 5% of the funds can be used for administrative expenses. Save for the base minimum contractual posts, creation of posts, purchase of vehicles etc. would require prior permission.
  • Who are covered?
    • Affected persons are to include “affected family” and “displaced family” both as defined under the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013.
    • Any other family as identified by the concerned Gram Sabha could also be included.
    • The Guidelines also provide that people affected by mining will include not only those who have legal rights over the land being mined, but also those who have occupational rights, usufruct and other traditional rights.
  • The DMFs have also been directed to take all major decision in a participatory mode, in consultation with the ‘gram sabhas’ of the respective villages to maintain transparency and accountability.
  • However, activities meant to be taken up under the ‘polluter pays principle’ cannot be taken up under the PMKKKY.

Source: PIB


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