UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 05 January, 2021

  • 8 Min Read

Pangolin and Porcupine


  • Out of the 8 species of Pangolin in the World, Indian and Chinese Pangolin are found in India.

Indian Pangolin

  • Indian pangolin is an endangered animal that is rarely sighted in forests.
  • Indian Pangolin is the only scaly mammal hunted for meat and used in traditional Chinese medicine. They are nocturnal.
  • Indian Pangolins are among the most trafficked wildlife species in the World.
  • The projected population declines range from 50% to 80% across the genus. Scientists radio-tag Indian pangolin for the 1st time.
  • It is under Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • Indian Pangolin is endangered under IUCN.

What is in the news?

  • The Odisha Forest department has stressed the need for stricter monitoring of social media platforms to check pangolin poaching and trading.
  • Investigations revealed that the accused were trading pangolin and scales online by forming WhatsApp groups in which videos and photos were shared with potential customers, often based outside the country, and details communicated in codes to conceal the transactions.
  • Ms. Lenka said “trafficking of live pangolin and its scales is a highly lucrative business for organised mafia, who exploit poor and vulnerable forest dwelling communities for their criminal interests.”

Chinese Pangolin

  • They are also found in India.
  • It is under Schedule I of WPA.
  • Chinese Pangolin is Critically Endangered.


  • It is a rodent native to southern Asia and the Middle East
  • Least concerned – IUCN
  • Habitat: Porcupine species has a broad habitat tolerance, occupying rocky hillsides, tropical and temperate shrubland, grasslands, forests, arable land, plantations, and gardens.
  • Range — Turkey and the eastern Mediterranean through southwest and central Asia
  • Threats considered are agricultural pests by locals who trap and use them for food.

Source: TH

National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ)

About National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ) The Government of India (GoI) has announced a National Manufacturing Policy, 2011, with the objective of enhancing the share of manufacturing in GDP to 25% within a decade and creating 100 million jobs. NIMZs are one of the important instruments to achieve it. As per the Policy, &ldqu

International Financial Services Center (IFSC)

What is an International Financial Services Center (IFSC)? An IFSC caters to customers outside the jurisdiction of the domestic economy.  Such centres deal with flows of finance, financial products and services across borders.  London, New York and Singapore can be counted as global financial centres.  The&n

4G Vs. 5G

4G Vs. 5G Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper 3 And Prelims. Background- "G" stands for "GENERATION". While connected to the internet, the speed of the connection depends upon the signal strength that is shown in abbreviations like 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, etc. on any mobile device. Each generation of wir

 India-U.S. Relations Overview

 India-U.S. Relations Overview Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper2.  India-U.S. bilateral relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues. The cooperation is based on th

G-20 analysis

G-20 analysis Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper 2. The G20 summit in Rome, agreed to end international public finance for new coal power generation abroad by 2021-end and mobilise funds to support low emission power development to achieve ‘climate goals’ .Let’s understand G20 in detail. About the G20

Students Achievement

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts