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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 03 August, 2021

  • Min Read

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

  • 65 out of 141 million hectares of net area sown is presently covered under irrigation. If the irrigation is assured, farmers tend to invest more in farming technology and inputs.
  • PMKSY was initiated in 2015 with an aim to enhance physical access of water on farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.
  • It is an umbrella scheme, consisting of two major components being implemented by this Ministry, namely, Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP).
  • HKKP, in turn, consists of four sub-components, being
    1. Command Area Development (CAD),
    2. Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI),
    3. Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, and
    4. Ground Water (GW) Development component.4
  • In addition, PMKSY also consists of two components being implemented by other Ministries.
    1. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component is being implemented by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
    2. Watershed Development component (WDC) of PMKSY is being implemented by Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.
  • Vision of PMKSY = To ensure access to irrigation to all agricultural farms in country, to produce 'per drop more crop'.
  • Tenure: 5 years from 2015-16 to 2019-20.
  • Mission is administered by Jal Shakti Ministry in a mission mode. Per Drop More Crop component will be administered by Dept of Agri, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW).
  • Funding: 50000 crore. PMKSY funds will be provided to the State Governments as per the pattern of assistance of Centrally Sponsored Schemes decided by Ministry of Finance and NITI Aayog.
  • For AIBP as well as CAD component of HKKP, funding arrangements are being made through Long Term Irrigation Fund (LTIF) with borrowings from NABARD. Central assistance is released through LTIF as and when eligible proposals are received from States.
  • PMKSY has amalgamated 3 ongoing schemes viz.
    1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of Ministry of Water Resources;
    2. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural Development)
    3. On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of NMSA of Dept of Agriculture and Cooperation (Ministry of AFW)
  • Objectives
    1. Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (prepare district and sub district level water use plans).
    2. Har Khet Ko Pani: Enhance physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation.
    3. More Crop Per Drop: Enhance the adoption of precision - irrigation and other water saving technologies.
    4. Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water through appropriate technologies and practices.
    5. Improve on - farm water use (OFWU) efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent.
    6. Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices.
    7. For rainfed areas, use watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, arresting runoff, providing livelihood etc.
    8. Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri - urban agriculture.
    9. Attract greater private investments in irrigation.
    10. It uses area development approach, adopting decentralized state level planning i.e. States can make their irrigation development plans and take up projects.
  • Components: It has 4 components
    1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP): Faster completion of Major and Medium irrigation projects.
    2. Har Khet Ko Pani: Minor irrigation, repair of water bodies, rainwater harvesting, Command area development, Groundwater development, improve water distribution system, supplement MGNREGA, IWMP and create traditional water storage systems.
    3. Per Drop More Crop: Preparation of State/ District Plan, Jal Sinchan (sprinklers, rainguns in farms), Jal Sanrakchan (moisture conservation),, , ICT Interventions through NeGP - A for water use efficiency, precision irrigation technologies etc.
    4. Watershed Development: ridge area treatment, in situ conservation, converging with MGNREGA.
  • Coverage: All the States and UTs including North Eastern States are covered under the programme.

Source: PIB


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