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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 23 November, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest

  • Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded.
  • The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27), which took place in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.
  • The paper summarised the main stresses and change-causing factors, described the current state of the Amazon biome and basin, and provided a conservation strategy.

What are the Report's Highlights?

  • Huge sections of the Amazon rainforest, which act as the planet's lungs and carbon sinks, are under danger.
  • Another 18% of the rainforest has been converted for other uses, leaving about 35% of it completely destroyed or severely damaged.
  • Deforestation, fires, and degradation are all threats to the Amazonian forests.
  • Rivers are becoming increasingly separated and filthy, and surface water has been lost.
  • The Amazon and the Earth as a whole may soon suffer irreparable damage as a result of this tremendous pressure.
  • Economic activities, most notably intensive agriculture and cattle ranching, illicit activity, and ill-conceived infrastructure pose a threat to the area and degrade the biome overall, severely affecting several places.
  • Along Amazonian rivers, about 600 infrastructural projects are in use.
  • Numerous mining operations, 400 active or planned dams, and 20 proposed road projects all continue to release pollutants like mercury into the waterways.

What suggestions are there?

The protection of the Amazon demands a variety of tactics and techniques that balance the need for conservation with the interests of the nations that make up the region for development.

Among the tactics for efficient, comprehensive landscape management are:

  • Unconverted landscapes
  • Sustainable forest management
  • legal trade
  • defending the rights of local communities, women, and children as well as indigenous peoples.
  • To create a network of well-conserved landscapes, these techniques are meant to supplement properly maintained conservation areas and indigenous territories.
  • The conservation and sustainable management of the Amazon biome, its forests, and its rivers also require cross-cutting methods in three crucial areas: policy, knowledge generation, and communications.
  • Effective regulations, research, and a clearer understanding of the biome's current situation are critically needed.

About The Amazon Rainforests :

The Amazon River and its tributaries' drainage basin, which spans 6,000,000 square kilometres in northern South America, is home to these large tropical rainforests.

  • Closed-canopy forests known as tropical forests are those that are found within 28 degrees north or south of the equator.
  • They are extremely wet areas that see more than 200 cm of precipitation annually, either seasonally or year-round.
  • The temperature ranges from 20 to 35 degrees Celsius.
  • Such forests can be found in many of the Pacific Islands as well as in Asia, Australia, Africa, South and Central America, Mexico, and Asia.

Source: The Hindu


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