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  • 28 December, 2020

  • 8 Min Read

Suddan issue - International issue

Sudan issue - UPSC

  • The recent U.S. move to remove Sudan’s designation, which had been in place since 1993, as a state that sponsors terrorism could potentially come at a huge price that no sovereign nation should demand, or acquiesce to.
  • The Sudanese government’s recognition of the state of Israel — which looms as Khartoum’s trade-off for the terror delisting — should be the sole prerogative of the people of that country, not of a superpower such as Washington or any other to arbitrarily impose its will.

  • Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok had himself articulated the dilemma that his unelected government should take upon itself the responsibility for such a pivotal decision to accord formal recognition to Israel, given the sensitive historical background.
  • That goes back to the time when Khartoum played host to the Arab League gathering, which adopted the so-called “three nos” resolution to deny recognition, initiate negotiations and seek peace with Israel, in the wake of the 1967 Six-Day war.
  • It would seem a stretch to assume that bilateral relations between the two countries were germane to a determination of Sudan’s status on the international stage.
  • On the other hand, the factors that influenced the designation of Sudan as a sponsor of terrorism are relatively clear.
  • They relate to the former military regime’s backing of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Hamas and Hezbollah, besides the harbouring of Osama bin Laden until 1996.
  • Sudan is a rather different country now since the overthrow of the 30-year-long dictatorship of Omar Hassan al-Bashir in the popular uprising in 2019.
  • The democratic transition that has been underway in the North African country since August 2019 is expected to lead to general elections in 2022.
  • The ultimate objective of the mass uprising was, after all, to ensure that the military, which still shares power in the transitional government, returned to the barracks.
  • The reintegration of Sudan into the global community via a renegotiation of its national debt and reopening of investment opportunities would be crucial ingredients for this overall endeavour.
  • The country has suffered a crippling impact from the loss of vast oil reserves to South Sudan, which seceded in 2011.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic and the worst floods in a century have compounded the problems of food shortages, skyrocketing inflation, and severe unemployment.

Source: TH

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