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Libya ceasefire

Libya ceasefire Syllabus subtopic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. Prelims and Mains focus: About the crisis in Libya and its impact on the regional and global geopolitics   News: Both sides in Libya’s conflict agreed to a ceasefire from Sunday to end nine months of fighting following weeks of international diplomacy and calls for a truce by power­brokers Russia and Turkey.   Ba

India- Africa Defence Ministers conclave

India- Africa Defence Ministers conclave Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Prelims and Mains focus: about the event and agreements signed; about CCIT   News: The first India- Africa Defence Ministers conclave was recently held at the ongoing Defexpo in Lucknow (UP).   About the event The dialogue was attended by 12 Defence Ministers and 38 countries were represented a

India builds state-of-the-art training facility for Ugandan defence forces

India builds state-of-the-art training facility for Ugandan defence forces The Indian Association Uganda (IAU), in association with the Indian Military Advisory and Training Team there, handed over a state-of-the-art military training facility to Uganda Peoples Defence Forces (UPDF). The war game centre, named ‘INDIA’, was inaugurated by Gen. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda The centre was conceptualised by the Indian Military Team and constructed by

DDT to South Africa

DDT to South Africa GS-Paper-2 I.R India and Africa (PT-MAINS) Recently, HIL (India) Limited has supplied 20.60 Metric tonne of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), a fertilizer to South Africa for their malaria control program. The Company is further in the process of supplying DDT to Zimbabwe and Zambia in the current Financial Year 2020-21. HIL (India) Limited It is a PSU under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. It was incorporated in

Sudan’s troubles

Sudan’s troubles Context The massacre of over 60 people over the weekend in Sudan’s Darfur region marks a further escalation in the violence blighting the territory since the 2019 ouster of the country’s dictator Omar al-Bashir. Arab emperors vs. African ethnic groups About 500 armed men targeted the Masalit community in west Darfur’s Masteri town, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. On Friday, 20 people, includ

Israel Sudan Issue

Israel – Sudan Issue Historical Background Sudan, which was technically at war with Israel since its foundation in 1948, has now become the third country to forge diplomatic relations with it, in recent times. Recently, in a deal brokered by the USA, Sudan and Israel have agreed to normalise relations to end decades of hostility. Earlier, the USA brokered diplomatic pacts between Israel and the UAE and Bahrain as well, to normalise their relations. Implications: US

Suddan issue - International issue

Sudan issue - UPSC The recent U.S. move to remove Sudan’s designation, which had been in place since 1993, as a state that sponsors terrorism could potentially come at a huge price that no sovereign nation should demand, or acquiesce to. The Sudanese government’s recognition of the state of Israel — which looms as Khartoum’s trade-off for the terror delisting — should be the sole prerogative of the people of that country, not of a superpower such as Washing

Musaveni win in Uganda for the 6th time

Museveni win in Uganda for the 6th time Uganda’s Electoral Commission said on Saturday that President Yoweri Museveni won a sixth five-year term, extending his rule to four decades, while top opposition challenger Bobi Wine dismissed “cooked-up, fraudulent results” and officials struggled to explain how polling results were compiled amid an Internet blackout. In a generational clash watched across the African continent with a booming young population and a host of

Conflict in Ethiopia

Conflict in Ethiopia Introduction Ethiopia’s Tigray region and the country’s humanitarian crisis give rise to concerns of long-term regional deterioration. Without a clear framework for peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction and transitional justice, the country is at risk of drastically postponing both political and economic recovery. Crisis in the Horn of Africa Entire Horn of Africa region is already plagued by: low-level conflicts, un

Political & Humanitarian Crisis in Ethiopia- Important Relevant Facts

Political & Humanitarian Crisis in Ethiopia- Important Relevant Facts It is a landlocked country. The Horn of Africa houses the countries of  Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia. The Tigray people make up roughly 6% of the population, while the Oromos have a 34% share and the Amharas 27%. The Oromos have alleged marginalisation and called for better representation. India-Ethiopia Relations Ethiopia is one o

India-Seychelles Virtual Meet

India-Seychelles Virtual Meet Recently, the Prime Minister of India will take part in a high-level virtual event with the President of the Republic of Seychelles & jointly inaugurated several Indian projects in Seychelles. Major Highlights Seychelles is central to India’s vision of ‘SAGAR’ – ‘Security and Growth for All in the Region. During times of need, India was able to supply essential medicines and 50,000 doses of Mad

Horn of Africa crisis- Ethiopia case study

Horn of Africa crisis- Ethiopia case study Context: Ethiopian crisis is important for Personality Test and Political science optional “After 2nd world war the changing world order resulted into various crises particular in African region. Boundary disengagement, poverty, corruption, international politics by China and UAS are some of the reason behind Horn of African crisis” What is the issue? Ethiopia’s Tigray region (UPSC MAPPING) and the country’s humanita

 Ethiopian Tigray Crisis

Context: Ethiopian Tigray Crisis is an important topic for UPSE GS Paper 2. Ethiopia’s Tigray region and the country’s humanitarian crisis give rise to concerns of long-term regional deterioration. Without a clear framework for peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction, and transitional justice, the country is at risk of drastically postponing both political and economic recovery. The Ethiopian government and the militias must end the fighting and begin talking. Ethio

POWERGRID and Africa50: First Transmission PPP Project

POWERGRID and Africa50: First Transmission PPP Project Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has signed a Joint Development Agreement with Africa50, the pan-African infrastructure investment platform to continue to develop the Kenya Transmission Project on a public-private partnership basis. Africa50 Africa50 is an infrastructure investment platform that contributes to Africa’s economic growth by developing and investing in bankable infr

CHINA’S INTERVENTION IN THE HORN OF AFRICA

CHINA’S INTERVENTION IN THE HORN OF AFRICA Investment across the African continent has been increased by China throughout the last decade with special emphasis on raw materials. Recently China concluded “The China-horn of Africa peace, governance and development conference” in which for the first time China aims to play role in the area of security in the African continent. PROJECT OF CHINA IN AFRICA The four major areas of China’s interest are natural resourc

India-Gabon Relations

India-Gabon Relations The Indian business sector recently hosted a group from Gabon in India, and India also congratulated Gabon on its Independence Day (17th August). Earlier, the Indian Vice President went to Gabon and signed two memorandums of understanding (Memorandum of Understanding). Memorandum of Understanding        Between the governments of India and Gabon, the creation of a joint commission. Sushma Swaraj Institute of Foreign S

India -Africa Defence Dialogue

India -Africa Defence Dialogue In conjunction with DefExpo 2022, the second India-Africa Defence Dialogue (IADD) was conducted in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. About The India-Africa Defence Dialogue: Adopting a strategy to enhance and synergize defence and security cooperation is the theme. The Gandhinagar Declaration was approved as an IADD 2022 result document. By increasing training slots and deputising training teams, empowering and strengthening the defence forces of Africa, t

India-Kenya Ties

India-Kenya Ties Following a joint reconnaissance of the coastal region close to the Lamu Archipelago by the warships of both nations, India recently handed over 100 nautical charts to Kenya. The survey was carried out in India by the National Hydrography Office of the Indian Navy. About Kenya: Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Nairobi is Kenya's largest and capital city, whereas Mombasa, on the country's coast, served as the nation's first capital and ol

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